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According to the definition of what is able to be copyrighted, "a work must be the product of your own mind." Since this Purim celebration invitation and instruction compilation is a result of His guidance, revelation and inspiration, this work is not eligible for copyright. Please feel free to copy it and share it with His children. There is a copyright on the song "Abba-My Father" which I have license to print the words to a specified numerical limit. If you copy this instruction compilation with the words of that song included, please request permission to print the words directly from The Copyright Company, 40 Music Square East, Nashville, TN 37203. 615-244-5588. Remember Matthew 10:8:
"...Freely ye have received, freely give."

(The invitation information is supplied for you here.
You may like to include some of the following, too, in your invitation to your friends and family.)

You Are Invited To Celebrate
The Most Expressive Feast In The Biblical Calendar

PURIM: The 14th of Adar
(Wednesday the 11th of March)
There will be a brief study of G-d's Truth and then a time of joyous celebration in reading the Megillah (the Book of Esther) as a melodrama, eating, drinking and making merry in the victory of the L-rd. It is highly recommended that you read the Book of Esther before the festival to get the most out of the teachings and the melodrama. But, since G-d's Word does not return to Him void, there is much to be gleaned by newcomers to the story. In any case,
Each Participant Must Bring:
(1) Two Portions, Mishloah Manot: (A portion is what is edible or drinkable without further preparation, e.g.: cooked meats, fish, pastry goods, fruit, sweets, wine and other beverages. Money, clothing, etc. is NOT acceptable.) The Mishloah Manot, gifts sent to friends, are a reflection of love and gratitude. When the Jews reflected on their salvation they said "By whose merit were we saved? And each said not by my merit but by that of my friend." [The 'picture': the prayers and intercession of the saints.] This display of love and friendship demonstrates the way all brethren should feel about one another. The Hebrew words 'man' and 'to his fellow' each have the gematria (numerical value) of 3 1 1, indicating that a Jew should feel that he and his friend (his blood covenant partner) are equal

(Actual image of the Jubilee Issue Holy Half-Shekel in cased for display.)

(2) Two Portions for the Poor, Matianot Le-evvonim: ('a portion' equals three 'halves' of the basis of our currency, or $1.50) which are given to at least two poor individuals to do with as they please. This contribution is made in memory of the 1/2 shekel given by each Yisraelite when the Beit HaMikdash, The Temple, still stood. Three 1/2's are given because 'Trumah,' 'contribution', is mentioned three times in the mitzvah, commandment, of the half-shekel. [The 'picture': we are all responsible for building/supporting the Temple.] The Rabbis say, "There is no greater joy than to rejoice the hearts of the poor, orphaned, widowed and strangers (uncircumcised G-d Fearers). One who rejoices the hearts of these unfortunates is likened to the Divine Presence: 'He (G-d) enlivens the spirit of the lowly, and restores the heart of the down trodden.'"
Note: The Holy Half Shekel is available today after 2,000 years! You may purchase one from:

Having done the above we will have fulfilled the four Mitzvot (commandments) for the Festival of Purim:

(1) The Reading of the Megillah, the Hallel (song of praise) of the day.
(2) Festivity and Rejoicing: partaking of sumptuous foods and extending "Yom Tov" ("Good Day") greetings to each other
(3) Sending of Gifts to One Another
(4) Sending of Gifts to the Poor

Why does G-d have us celebrate the Festivals? They are a means of promoting nationalistic sentiments and bolstering resistance to the world. [Remember, we are just sojourners on earth; we belong to His Kingdom!] In the case of Purim, the resistance was to the Romans...today 'Rome' is known as the European Community/New Age/One World Government and all the 'Hellenistic' ramifications thereof. [cf. Rom. 12.2, "And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect will of G-d."]. The 'renewing of your mind' was so strongly emphasized in Yisrael that the Priests serving in the Second Temple were instructed to stop their work and go listen to the recitation of the Megillah.


It is customary to wear disguises (costumes) on Purim. This custom is related to Ya'akov's/Jacob's wearing Esav's/Esau's clothes when he received the blessing of Yitzchak/Isaac. It is to say that just as Ya'akov had the outer appearance of Esav but was inwardly pure and holy so are the appearances of evil in Yisrael only external: At Purim, Yisrael's heart was loyal to G-d and only pretended (externally) to worship Nebuchadnezzar's idols. [Feel free to wear a disguise, if you like.]

Come, rejoicing in the spirit of unity into the presence of our L-rd, with your Two Portions for Each Other, Three Halves ($1.50) Portion for the Poor, and your heart turned toward praising El Shaddai, G-d Almighty.

R.S.V.P. is appreciated!

About The Format Of This Presentation*

The Book of Ester is a letter to G-d's chosen people. Hence, this book is bound at the top so that with the turning of each page the reader will reflect that the entire Word of G-d is His love letter of remembrance, instruction and promise to us, His people.

The rainbow colors upon which this letter is printed are to remind us that G-d keeps His promises from generation to generation. (In other words, why not print the different sections off on colored paper?)

The 'fence' protecting the Mitzvot, commandment, not to blaspheme the Name of G-d has been built to the extent that in Rabbinic circles hashem, The Name, is rarely said and not completely written in reverential respect. In this book, hashem, The Name, is written thus with the hopes that It will awaken and instill in the reader a more reverential fear for the Almighty Creator and Sustainer of life with Whom we have to do.

The emphasis on the Hebrew names is an endeavor to remove us from our western world view and help set us in the proper culture and time.

In studying the festivals, it is becoming more apparent how Hellenism has turned things upside down. It is my heart's desire that G-d will enable us to read just our priorities and, instead of trying to squeeze G-d into our life, that we come to the place where we have to squeeze our 'life' into our relationship with G-d.

The Order For The Day

The central focus of the synagogue service is 'joy.' Normal decorum and seriousness are waived in order to enter into unrestrained joy In commemoration of the redemption of the Jews from death and extinction. Purim is considered a 'minor festival' in that work on this day is permitted, although it is not considered proper. The Torah reading for Purim morning is Exodus 17:8-16.

The Fast Of Ester

On the 13th* of Adar (fasting is not permitted during Nisan), the Fast of Ester is observed in remembrance of the 3 day/3 night fast of Mordekhay, Ester and all Yisrael on the 14th (day), 15th (night & day), 16th (night & day) and 17th (night) of Nisan.1 The practice of fasting by Yisrael is observed whenever they are faced with war. The aim of the fast is to affirm that "not by might, nor by power" [Zech. 4:6b] but by the power of the L-rd alone does Yisrael prevail in battle. During this fast we are to recall that G-d accepts each person's penitence and prayer in the hour of his trouble. On the 13th of Nisan, Haman (descendent of Amalek) wrote his decree to destroy and annihilate the Jews on the 13th of Adar.

Special selihot (penitential prayers) are recited in addition to those of a regular fast-day, and the fast-day portion of the Torah is read [Ex 32:11-14, 34:1-10].

*If the 13th of Adar falls on Shabbat, the fast is observed the preceding Thursday, the l1th of Adar, since the fast must precede the festival.

Purim Katan

Minor Purim, Purim Katan, is the name given to the 14th and 15th days of the first month of Adar in a leap year. Purim is celebrated during the second Adar because that is the date of the original Purim (which occurred in a leap year) and because the Rabbis want to keep the period of the redemption of Ester as close as possible to the redemption of the Yisraelites from Egypt which is celebrated in the following month, Nisan.

Purim Katan has few of the features of Purim: the Megillah is not read, no gifts are sent to the poor, the Al ha-Nissim prayer is not said, and Tahanun is not recited on these days. It is considered a minor occasion of rejoicing, however, and fasting and funeral eulogies are prohibited as with Purim.

Overview Of The Book of Ester

We open the story at a time of peace and prosperity as witnessed by the Persian king's, Ahashverosh's, 180 day feast and the fact that the Princes of Paras/Persia and Maday/Media were enjoying the mild winter climate with the king in the capital city of Shushan.

According to the Rabbis, the 180 day banquet of Ahashverosh was concluded on the 8th of Nisan. That means it began on the 8th of Tishri, 482/3 BCE, in the third year of the reign of Ahashverosh, Xerxes 1. The 8th of Tishri is the anniversary of Solomon's feast of dedication of the First Temple. The feast of Ahashverosh was deliberately scheduled for the same day to signify the assumption that he had become heir to Solomon's throne and glory.

When Ahashverosh's royal banquet ended, Ahashverosh proclaimed a local banquet for the people of Shushan which was to last for 7 days: from the 9th of Nisan to the 15th, the first day of Passover. The chief instigator of this banquet was Haman who (as a vessel of haSatan) schemed to trap the Jews into sin [Drash L'Purim]. For, you see, G-d's chosen separated-people, had specific duties with which they were to be involved prior to and in preparation for the Passover...and to know to do something and not do it, is sin [James 4:17].

G-d's chosen people forsook the commandments and love of their G-d and, aspiring assimilation (remember the gymnasium and the prelude to Chanukah?), joined themselves to the world, eating and drinking at Ahashverosh's banquet. All of G-d's people, except for the household of Mordekhay, who, as a member of the Sanhedrin and a leader of the Jews (who, as we will see, often lead no one), proclaimed that no good would come from such actions.

At the banquet, on the seventh day, the king desired to have his Queen present. He sent for Vashti, a descendent of the Babylonian dynasty (Belshazzar's daughter, Nebuchadnezzar's granddaughter), who despised Ahashverosh and, consequently, was not only holding her own banquet but demeaned the king publicly by refusing to come at his command.

At the counsel of his wise men, Ahashverosh has Vashti banished from the kingdom and four years later, on the 10th month, Tevet, year 479/8 BCE, (which, 314/3 years later, becomes Chanukah, the purification and rededication of the Second Temple by the Maccabees, 25th of Kislev to the 3rd of Tevet) there appears before him, the Jewish virgin, Hadassa whom he makes his Queen. Hadassa whose name is changed to Ester, is a descendent of King Saul--whose assignment it was to annihilate all the Amalekites.

In the interim, Haman (descendent of King Agag, king of the Amalekites, whom G-d told King Saul to slay and he disobeyed) has been appointed the number two man in the kingdom, second only to Ahashverosh. Mordekhay once again leads his people (and no one follows) in refusing to bow before Haman as has been royally decreed. Consequently, Haman (once again led by the power of haSatan), secures the king's permission and issues an annihilation proclamation on the 13th of Nisan [Ester 3:12]. (As an aside, the Chief Priests and captains made covenant with another of haSatan's representatives, Judas Iscariot, on the 13th of Nisan to kill Yeshua.2 But back to Ester.... The Rabbis believe that Haman's decree was a 'judgment' for the transgression of the Jews, who the year before had joined in the Shushan festivities in that very same week forsaking the commandments of G-d. G-d has commanded His believers in 2 Cor. 6:1 7 to "...come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the L-rd, and touch not the unclean [thing]: and I will receive you."

Queen Ester, led by Mordekhay, calls for a 3 day/3 night fast from the 'day' of the 14th to the 'night' of the 17th of Nisan--remember G-d's time sequence: the evening and the morning were the first day [Gen. l:5]. Tradition says the fast was an atonement for the Jewish transgression during the week of the festivities. G-d says in 2 Chronicles 7:14, "If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land. " At the risk of her life, Queen Ester appears of her own volition before the king's throne. Holding out his golden scepter, Ahashverosh accepted Queen Ester into his presence and under his protection. The date: the 16th of Nisan. He also accepted her invitation to the banquet which she had prepared for him and Haman to be held that day.

The Jew's transgression is now to be erased through a reversal of situations. In place of the Shushan feast, where the Jews ate defiled food as the guests of Ahashverosh and Haman, the king and Haman were now to be the guests of Ester at a feast which she was to prepare in accordance with G-d's dietary commandments. (Ester was a vegetarian in the palace so as not to eat defiled foods. Sound familiar? Remember Daniel and his three friends?!)

Ester's first banquet of wine was given on the day she extended her invitation--this was done to indicate the urgency of her unrequested presence before the king. However, Ester was still fasting the day of the 16th, and, consequently, could not break her vow to partake of her own meal. She therefore requested that Ahashverosh and Haman come dine again the next day, the 17th of Nisan. This time Ester was able to join in the festivities, "So the king and Haman came to drink with Ester the queen. " [Ester 7.-ll]

The kingdom changed quickly as the evil which Haman had plotted was brought to light before the king who, consequently, was enraged and had Haman hanged on the 17th of Nisan on the gallows Haman had built for Mordekhay. Ahashverosh appointed Mordekhay (in place of Haman) second in command over the kingdom with the authority to issue decrees of his choosing for self-defense and the defense of his brethren. This immediate reversal of Ahashverosh's policies and the proclaimed salvation of G-d's chosen people came on the anniversary of King Hezekiah's rededication of Solomon's Temple [2 Chron. 29:l7-20]:

* 17 Now they began on the first [day] of the first month [Nisan] to sanctify, and on the eighth day of the month came they to the porch of the L-RD: so they sanctified the house of the L-RD in eight days; and in the sixteenth day of the first month they made an end.

18 Then they went in to Hezekiah the king, and said, We have cleansed all the house of the L-RD, and the altar of burnt offering, with all the vessels thereof, and the shewbread table, with all the vessels thereof

19 Moreover all the vessels, which king Ahaz in his reign did cast away in his transgression, have we prepared and sanctified, and, behold, they [are] before the altar of the L-RD.

20 Then Hezekiah the king rose early [the 17th of Nisan], and gathered the rulers of the city, and went up to the house of the L-RD [to dedicate the Temple, consecrate the Jewish nation and uphold the keeping of the Passover.

Remember, 'coincidence' is NOT a kosher word!

Why? and What?

Why do we drown out the name of Haman?

We sound noise makers (raashanim, in Hebrew; gregger, in Yiddish) upon hearing Haman's name as a 'play on words.' In the Hebrew, 'erasing' and 'beating' are phonetically alike. Remember that Haman is the descendent of Amalek. When the children of Yisrael came out of Egypt "and tested the L-rd, saying Is the L-rd among us, or not? Then came Amalek, and fought with Yisrael in Rephidim" (which means 'supports' like the props of a litter--Amalek trying to destroy Yisrael's foundation) [Ex. 17:7b-81. Here it is interesting to note 'who' had war with Amalek: "And Moses said unto Yehoshua/Joshua (a 'type' of Christ) choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek..." [Ex. 17:9a]. "And the L-rd said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book and rehearse it in the ears of Yehoshua/Joshua: for I will utterly put out (erase) the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven. And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovah-nissi (the L-rd is my miracle): For he said, Because the L-rd hath sworn that the L-rd will have war with Amalek from generation to generation." [Ex.17:14-16]

The miracle of Purim brought Yisrael to a 'second' acceptance of the Torah, a word derived from the root word 'yarah' which means "to shoot straight." (It is interesting that the definition of "sin" is "to miss the mark.") The result of wiping out Amalek (haSatan, the adversary) always leads to the acceptance of the Torah, G-d's direction, guidance and instruction.

Why is Mordekhay cheered?

There are two ways in which holiness is revealed in the world: either through the victory of the just or through the downfall of the wicked. G-d desires the phrase of the just. When Yisrael (or any of G-d's chosen) acts justly, the righteous are exalted, and G-d's praise rises from them. When Yisrael (or any of G-d's chosen) lacks merit, salvation comes through the downfall of those more wicked than they. But then there is lack of joy in the world. The rejoicing which comes from 'blessed is Mordekhay' is greater than that which is a result of 'cursed is Haman' even though whenever Amalek (haSatan, the adversary) is wiped out, it is as if the Divine Presence, the Shechinah, were revealed in the world, and that is a great occasion for perfect joy!

Why do we give gifts on Purim?

The mitzvot, commandments, of Misloah Manot and Matianot Le-evyonim (The Giving of Gifts to One Another and the Giving of Gifts to The Poor) commemorate the brotherly love and unity which Mordekhay and Ester awoke among all Jews (and, hopefully, will stir among us). For Amalek's (haSatan's) strength rests on those brethren who become weakened for lack of obedience to Torah, instruction, and the Mitzvot, commandments of G-d, (cf. Hosea 4:6). Just as the Jews (the brethren) who gathered in defense of their lives in response to Haman's decree and were thereby saved from calamity, we are bidden in every generation to strengthen our inner unity so that our enemies might not achieve dominion over us.
Why is wine an important part of Purim?

The miracle of Purim comes through wine:

The Jews reaped the retributive Haman Decree because they participated in the wine feast of Ahashverosh where they ate defiled food and did not keep the mitzvot, commandments of G-d. This transgression gave place to Amalek (a 'type' of haSatan, the adversary) and the possible total annihilation of the Jews, the only lineage through which the Messiah could come.

Vashti (a 'type' of pride) was removed from the throne (the kingdom) the last day of the wine feast of Ahashverosh, and Ester (a 'type' of 'humble heart submitted to the will of G-d') replaced her.

The downfall of Haman (a 'type' of haSatan, the adversary) was brought about at the 'communion' banquet of wine with Ahashverosh (a 'type' of G-d) and Ester (a 'type' of believer). All redemption comes through the Blood.

Why is Ester included in the Tenach, the Bible?

Looking at all the 'types' and 'pictures' represented in and by the Book of Ester, Yeshua answered this question in Heb. 10:7 when He said, "Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is @written of me,)..." See "More Pictures and Food for Thought" included in this study.

The Rabbis say that by leading her people to repent, Ester led them on the road to perfection. She showed them the way to return to their Creator. She taught them and all future generations, that trust in G-d is the beacon for the Jewish nation (and for any nation/people who believe in the G-d of Abraham, Isaac and Yisrael/Jacob), which leads them on their long journey into safety. For so doing, she earned inclusion in the Tenach, the very essence of eternity.

The scroll of Purim is the continuation of a book which will come to an end at the Great White Throne of judgment when Amalek (haSatan) will be completely erased and G-d's sovereignty will be fully manifest.

Jewish tradition holds that the Feast of Purim will be the only festival that survives throughout all eternity. As a 'type' of 'the reign' of the spirit, that is true: the walk in the spirit will be 'normal' and the only walk throughout eternity.

What have we learned?

1) G-d is faithful to His promises to all generations [Gen. 12:31 which gives all believers hope and security.
2) G-d places us where we are for such a time as this.
3) We have a responsibility to act, if G-d's will is to be carried out.
4) The power in unity.
5) The call to humbling prayer and fasting.
6) The call to action.
7) G-d desires to use people who are available to serve His Will.

More Pictures And Food For Thought

The First Adam and the Last Adam

Vashti being caught up in pride and self-will, represents a 'type' of Adam/Eve who is banished from the kingdom, here a 'type' of Gan Eden/Garden of Eden, for refusal to obey Ahashverosh's (here a 'type' of G-d's) commandments. Ester's appearance on the scene in Tevet, 4 years after Vashti's banishment represents the highlight in G-d's plan of redemption: here Ester is a 'type' of Last Adam/Yeshua who, 4000 years after the First Adam was banished from Gan Eden, is sent to reign in his stead. Note that Ester, the 'Last Adam,' begins her reign at Chanukah, the time of the conception of Yeshua in Mary's womb.

Yisrael and Amalek are both 'first':"Yisrael was holiness unto the L-rd, and the first fruits of his increase... " [Jer. 2.,3]. "Amalek was the first of the nations..." [Num. 24:20]; not the 'first' of the nations to come into existence, but the 'first' of the nations to come against Yisrael. Yisrael is, therefore, the 'root of holiness' and Amalek is 'root of defilement.' (Remember, it isn't enough to kill the 'fruit' of defilement, the 'root' must die.)

Jacob went into Egypt for 430 years: a bill of debt Isaac's descendants were required to pay because G-d said "the iniquity of the Amorites [is] not yet full." [Gen.15:13,16; Ex 12:40] (Amorites means 'mouth'/'blatant pride,' the root of all sin.) Esau did NOT go; his mouthy pride was not destroyed. When Jacob's/Yisrael's debt was paid and they emerged from bondage free men, "Then came Amalek..." [Ex 17:8] Amalek is the grandson of Esau. [Gen. 36:12] Haman, the Agagite, is the descendent of Amalek. [Ester 3:1] The 'picture' here: pride must be destroyed before salvation can be received. When salvation (Yeshua, in Hebrew) is manifest, Amalek/haSatan comes. [Matt. 4:11 When the Jews were released from the Babylonian captivity, "then came Amalek" who thwarted the rebuilding of the Second Temple, the wall and the city of Yerushalayim, and eventually manifest as Haman's total annihilation decree (remember, the Persian Empire included all of Yisrael).

There is an interesting prophetic thread woven here: Amorite means 'mouth/blatant pride.' Haman is a 'type' of the False Messiah. In Rev. 13:5-6, the False Messiah is depicted by 'the mouth.' As soon as "the iniquity of the Amorites [is]...full," the False Messiah will be slain just as were his prototypes, Pharaoh and Haman.

Another parallel is our being in "Egypt" for 4030 years and Yeshua's paying our debt that year so that any who believe on Him can be free men. But let us take heed and remember "then came Amalek:" When Israel came out of Egypt, G-d had them wander in the wilderness to humble them, to prove them, to know what was in their heart, whether they would keep His commandments, or not. [Deu. 8:2] How many came out of Egypt?: 600,000 men plus women, children, and the mixed multitude--or approximately 3-4 million people. Because of their unbelief and refusal to wholly follow the L-rd, a number of them died in the wilderness. [Heb. 3:19 & Num. 32:11] How many men that came out of Egypt over the age of 20 entered the promised land? Two: Joshua and Caleb, the only two men who walked by faith refusing to be moved by what they saw.

The opposing agendas

On the 13th of Nisan, in preparation for deliverance/the Passover, G-d issued the annihilation decree of Bedikat Chametz: "out with leaven/out with sin."

On the 13th of Nisan, in preparation for destruction, Haman (haSatan) issues an annihilation decree: "out with the Jews (The Messiah)/out with righteousness."

The Persian Empire was vast but no details are lost

It took 3 months for news to travel to all the ends of the Persian Empire. The annihilation proclamation was issued on the 13th of Nisan. 336 days later, on the 13th and 14th of Adar, the battle was fought.

What do G-d's numbers mean? Here we have a pair of opposites: 13 is the scriptural number representing 'sin & depravity,' 14 is the scriptural number representing 'salvation & deliverance.' 336: 3 is the scriptural number representing 'resurrection,' 36 is the scriptural number representing 'enemy.' If we add 3,3,6 together we get 12 which is the scriptural number representing 'divine power, rule and authority.' All of the details add to G-d's pictures; He wastes no words!

Ester is also a picture of 'the inner man.' the inner self, who takes his cues from the Holy Spirit (Mordekhay).

Ester died the 'day' she committed to go before the king

Ester fasted for 3 days = she was dead for three days.

On the 3rd day she arose to go in to the king who holds out his golden scepter whereby Ester by faith obtains his favor/grace and deliverance from the law of death.

That's why Ester went in to the king on the 3rd day even though she was still fasting and could not partake of her own banquet and, consequently, had to hold a 2nd banquet to eat and drink (have communion) with the king the next day at which time evil is destroyed and righteousness reigns in the kingdom.

(See the 'picture' here: Resurrection happens on the 3rd day. Remember Isaac 'died' the day G-d called Abraham to sacrifice his son. Three days later Abraham and Isaac climbed Mt. Moriah, the same mountain on which Yeshua was to be sacrificed, and Isaac was resurrected--given back to Abraham--when G-d provided "Himself a lamb" Gen. 22:8.)

But lets go one step further and look at another picture, remembering when Yeshua said "Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) " [Heb. 10:7] He was speaking of the Tenach, the Older Testament (the Newer Testament having not been written yet). So let's look at Ester in light of Jonah: Yeshua said in Matt. 12:40, "For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly, so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth." Yeshua was crucified on the 14th of Nisan; Ester's fast, 'death to self,' began on the 14th of Nisan. Three days and three nights later, on the 17th of Nisan, in communion with the Father G-d, Yeshua triumphs over haSatan and is restored to life by the Spirit having purchased eternal life for all those that believe on Him. Three days and three nights later, on the 17th of Nisan, in communion with Ahashverosh, Ester triumphs over Haman and is granted her life and the life of her people.

Ahashverosh is a 'picture' of the conscious life: When Ahashverosh cleaned out the ruling house in his kingdom (Haman's house, 'the flesh,' which gives place to haSatan, the adversary), he immediately filled it with and gave unlimited power to Mordekhay ('the Holy Spirit'). (cf. Luke 11:16, the warning of the swept house.)

Notice the king did not change: ('We' do not change when we become submitted to the Spirit: we are still 'us.') What changes is the kingdom. As long as Haman ('the flesh') is in power the whole kingdom (sphere of influence) is affected. Notice there is no peace in the kingdom as long as Haman is ruling from the throne. Haman's decree was a decree of death while Mordekhay's decree was a decree of life. (cf. Rom. 8:6: "For to be carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.") Also notice the king is unaware of Haman's evil intentions (cf. Jer. 17:9. "The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?") until they are revealed to him by Mordekhay ('the Holy Spirit') through Ester ('a yielded vessel,' cf. Prov. 27:l7). Notice also that 'the flesh' (Haman) is in power until it is put to death (Gal. 5:17: "For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other..." Rom. 8:7: "Because the carnal mind is enmity against G-d..." When Haman ('the flesh') is out of the house and Mordekhay ('the Holy Spirit') is in, the result, " the work of righteousness, shall be peace: and the effect of righteousness quietness and assurance for ever." [Is. 32:17]

The Book of Ester is the Older Testament version of the Book of Romans teaching us about the law of the flesh and the law of the Spirit. G-d brought us out of Egypt and into the wilderness where the evil of the flesh is revealed, and the battle of the flesh and the Spirit to rule takes place ("And thou shalt remember all the way which the L-rd thy G-d led thee these forty years in the wilderness, to humble thee, and to prove thee, to know what was in thine heart, whether thou wouldest keep His commandments , or no." Deut. 8:2) Moving into the promised land requires a resolution to walk in the Spirit (trust in the instruction and promises of G-d; cf. Caleb and Yehoshua/Joshua) and not be moved by the flesh (cf. the 'other ten spies' who, by the way, were condemned to die in the wilderness because they chose to walk by physical sight!).

The flesh must be crucified:

Haman's name meant "the root of defilement" (as a descendent of Amalek), and his seed, the fruit of defilement as witnessed by the names of his ten sons, are hanged/impaled on a tree:
Parshandata (his name meant curious self, busy body, meddler)
Dalfon (his name meant self pity)
Aspata (his name meant self sufficient)
Portata (his name meant spend thrift, self indulgent)
Adalya (his name meant inferiority, self-conscious)
Aridata (his name meant strong self, assertive self)
Parmashta (his name meant preeminent self, competitive)
Arisay (his name meant bold self, imprudent)
Ariday (his name meant proud, haughty, superior)
Vayzata (his name meant self righteous)

The death of the self life is the first evidence that one has discovered the secret of victory. (Rom. 8:13b: "...but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live. ") The death of the self life is visible to all: Haman and his ten sons were hanged/impaled for all to see. (Remember this lesson; G-d will emphasize it again during the festival of Pesach.)

Question for further exploration: What is the parallel between Haman's ten sons and the ten nations that follow the False Messiah in Rev. 13?

The Book of Ester is a 'picture' of how to walk in the Spirit:

1) Expose Haman (the flesh'). (1 Cor. 1:29: "...no flesh should glory in His presence.")

2) Acknowledge the new decree of Mordekhay has been set in place over (not replacing) the old decree of Haman. (The law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus--revelation over reason--supersedes the law of sin and death--reason over revelation.) [cf. Rom. 8:2.]

3) Crucify Haman and his seed ('the flesh') on the cross.

Salvation Is of the Jews: It is interesting to note that Mordekhay wrote letters to all 127 provinces in the empire: 100 is the number for the 'elect' (G-d's chosen) and 27 is the number representing the proclamation of the gospel (cf "Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews. " John 4:22).

Remember, coincidence is not a kosher word!

Rejoicing before the fact is an act and sign of faith: Upon receiving Mordekhay's decree, "The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honor,... a feast and a holiday" [vs. 8:16-17]. G-d's presence had manifested: "Glory - -light/Yeshua--and honor are in His presence; strength--"the joy of the L-rd is your strength," Neh. 8:1Oc--and gladness are in His place." [1 Chr.16:27.] The physical battle was y e t to be fought, but in the spirit realm, the battle was already won. (Sound like Jericho?) Notice the very next verse says: "And many of the people of the land became Jews..." Their witness was effective: "Be careful [worried] for nothing,- -but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto G-d and "the power of G-d revealed "a peace that passeth all understanding." (Phil: 4:6- 7)

The road from self to salvation:

Vashti ('pride, self') is banished from the king.

The king seeks to fill the void in his life.

The king fills the void with Ester ('humility and submission').

Ester brings Mordekhay, a Jew, ("salvation') to the king. ("Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews,..." John 4:22).

Mordekhay is a 'type' of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit's job is to restore fellowship with G-d. (cf. Rom. 8:15: "...ye have received the Spirit of adoption.") Mordekhay adopted Ester. Mordekhay guided the king.

Ester's Feast [vs. 2:18]:

A) Held by Ahashverosh, the 'venerable father,' the king

  1. For his princes and servants
  2. Proclaimed release from taxes (bondage)
  3. Giving of gifts

Do you see any parallel to
the Marriage Supper of the Lamb?

Mordekhay is a 'Picture' of the future: The last verse of the Book of Ester, vs. 10:3, states "For Mordekhay the Jew [was] next unto king Ahashverosh, and great among the Jews, and accepted of the multitude of his brethren, seeking the wealth [good] of his people, and speaking peace to all his seed." Here Mordekhay is a 'picture' of Yeshua but this time during The Millennial Reign: Second only to G-d the Father, Yeshua, now crowned King of kings and L-rd of lords, will be accepted by His brethren at His 1000 year reign on earth when He brings peace and good to His seed. (See the parallel 'picture' with Joseph, Pharaoh and Joseph's brethren?)

G-d's name is encrypted in the plot line five times (5 is the number for grace) in the Hebrew as acrostics although His Name is never mentioned verbatim in the Book of Ester: The acrostics appear in vs. 1:25, 5:4, 5:13, 7:7, 7:5. When the words are spoken by a Jew, the acrostic reads from right to left (as does Hebrew). When the words are spoken by a gentile, the acrostic reads from left to right. The first four acrostics are Jehovah." The last acrostic is "I am."


* Ahashverosh ruled over the power of two empires: Persia/Paras and Media/Maday
* Ahashverosh's 2 feasts: nobles and great & small
* Two queens: Vashti & Ester
* Virgins gathered a second time [vs. 2:19]
* Ester appears before Ahashverosh two times without being called [vs.5:1-2, 8:3-4]
* Ester's two banquets of wine [vs. 5:6, 7:2]
* Two people invited to Ester's banquets of wine
* Two chamberlain/keepers of the door sought to lay hand on
Ahashverosh: Bigtana & Teresh
* Two decrees for retaliation [vs. 8:5, 9:14]
* Two days of fighting in Shushan [vs. 9:13,15]
* Haman's sons killed twice: killed and hung [vs. 9:12-13]
* Two "second in command" to Ahashverosh: Haman & Mordekhay
* Two letters of Purim [vs. 9:29]


Seven chamberlain sent for Vashti, a 'type' of pride.
Seven Princes: knew law and judgement of Persia and Media and saw the king's face who sat first in the kingdom and were called to execute the law over Vashti.
Seven maids given to Ester.
Seven spirits:
'Of the World' Ahashverosh I Cor. 2:11
'Anti-Christ' Haman I John 4:3
'Holy Spirit' Mordekhay John 16:13
'Pride' Vashti Prov. 16:18
'Humble' Ester Prov. 29:23
'Contrite' Jews Ps. 34:18
'Fear of the L-rd' Zeresh Is. 11:2
Seven feasts:
Ahashverosh's 180 day feast
Ahashverosh's 7 day Shushan feast
Ester's Feast held by Ahashverosh
Ester's first feast for Ahashverosh and Haman
Ester's second feast for Ahashverosh and Haman
The Feast of Rejoicing (by Jews 'before' battle)
The Feast of Purim

Other sevens:

Seven day feast of Ahashverosh for great and small.
Seventh day, Ahashverosh's heart was merry with wine.
Seventh day, Vashti summoned, disobeyed, and banished.
Seventh year of king's reign, he takes a bride/queen.

Scripture summaries of the Book of Ester:

Psalm 30: " 1 If <<A Psalm [and] Song [at] the dedication of the house of David.>> I will extol thee, 0 L-RD; for thou hast lifted me up, and hast not made my foes to rejoice over me. 2 0 L-RD my G-d, I cried unto thee, and thou hast healed me. 3 0 L-RD, thou hast brought up my soul from the grave: thou hast kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit. 4 Sing unto the L-RD, 0 ye saints of his, and give thanks at the remembrance of his holiness. 5 For his anger [endureth but] a moment: in his favor [is] life: weeping may endure for a night, but joy [cometh] in the morning. 6 And in my prosperity I said, I shall never be moved. 7 L-RD, by thy favor thou hast made my mountain to stand strong: thou didst hide thy face, [and] I was troubled. 8 I cried to thee, 0 L-RD; and unto the L-RD I made supplication). 9 What profit [is there] in my blood, when I go down to the pit? Shall the dust praise thee? 10 Hear, 0 L-RD, and have mercy upon me: L-RD, be thou my helper. 11 Thou hast turned for me my mourning into dancing: thou hast put off my sackcloth, and girded me with gladness; 12 To the end that [my] glory may sing praise to thee, and not be silent. 0 L-RD my G-d, I will give thanks unto thee for ever.

2 Cor. 2:14: "Now thanks be unto G-d which always causeth us to triumph in Christ and maketh manifest the savor of His knowledge by us in every place."

Gal.2:20. "I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of G-d, who gave Himself for me."

on to the next section of this teaching, please...
Addendum to the Study in the Torah: The Instructions of God

Purim Book Index Buttons:

Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
Section 4
Section 5
Section 6
Section 7
General Purim Index