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Addendum To The Study In The Torah:
The Instruction Of God

In light of Hebrews 10:7: "Lo, I (Yeshua) come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,)..."
483/2 BCE
NISAN 9-15
483/2 BCE

3rd Yr. of King Ahashverosh (Xerxes I)

3rd Yr. of King Ahashverosh
(Xerxes I)

Night & Day:

Night & Day:

King Ahashverosh's 180 Day Banquet To Show His Riches Unto The Power Of Paras And Maday King Ahashverosh's Feast For All People In Shushan Great And Small
(Esth. 1:3-4) 3 In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants; the power of Paras and Maday, the nobles and princes of the provinces, [being] before him: 4 When he shewed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honour of his excellent majesty many days, (even) an hundred and fourscore days. (Esth. 1:5) 5 And when these days were expired, the king made a feast unto all the people that were present in Shushan the palace, both unto great and small, seven days, in the court of the garden of the king's palace:
******************************************* Queen Vashti Makes A Feast In The King's Royal House

(Esth. 1:9) 9 Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women [in] the royal house which [belonged] to king Ahashverosh.

Nisan 15, Vashti Banished From The Kingdom For Pride And Rebellion

Esth. 1:10-11, 15-21

10 On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was mery with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Bizzeta, Harvona, Bigta, and Avagta, Zetar, and Karkas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahashverosh the king,

11 To bring Vashti the queen before the king with the crown royal, to shew the people and the princes her beuty: for she [was] fair to look on..

15 What shall we do unto the queen Vashti according to law, because she hath not performed the commandment of the king Ahashverosh by the chamberlains?

16 And Memukhan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen hath not done wrong to the king only, but also to all the princes, and to all the people that [are] in all the provinces of the king Ahashverosh.

17 For [this] deed of the queen shall come abroad unto all women, so that they shall despise their husgands in their eyes, when it shall be reported. The king Ahashverosh commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she came not.

18 [Likewise] shall the ladies of Paras and Maday say this day unto all the king's princes, which have heard of the deed of the queen. Thus [shall there arise] too much contempt and wrath.

19 If it please the king, let there go a royal commandment from him, and let it be writen among the laws of the Paras and the Maday, that it be not altered. That Vashti come no more before king Ahashverosh: and let the king give her royal estate unto another that is better than she.

20 and when the king's decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honour, both to great and small.

21 And the saving pleased the king and the princes; and the king did accoding to the word of Memukhan.


Vashti (being caught up in pride and self-will) here is a 'type' of Adam/Eve who is banished from the kingdom, here a 'type' of Gan Eden/Garden of Eden, for refusal to obey Ahashverosh's (here a type of G-d's) commandments.

Next Table:
TEVET 1 NISAN 1-NISAN 13 Adar 13

479/8 BCE

475/4--474/3 BCE

474/3 BCE

7th Yr. of King Ahashverosh (Xerxes I)

12th-13th Yr. of King Ahashverosh (Xerxes 1)

13th Yr. of King Ahashverosh (Xerxes 1)

Ester Taken To King Ahashverosh
and Crowned Queen

Esth. 2:14-17

14 In the evening she went, and on the morrow she returned into the second house of the women, to the custody of Sha'ashgax, the king's chamberlain, which kept the concubines: she came in unto the king no more, except the king delighted in her, and that she were called by name.

15 Now when the turn of Ester, the daughter of Avihyil the uncle of Mordekhay, who had take her for his daughter, was come to go in unto the king, she required nothing but what Hegay the king's chamberlain, the keeper of the women, appointed. And Ester obtained favour in the sight of all them that looked upon her.

16 So Ester was taken unto king Ahashverosh into his house royal in the tenth month, which [is] the month Tevet, in the seventh year of his reign.

17 And the king loved Ester above all the women, and she obtained grace and favour in his sight more than all the virgins; so that he set the royal crown upon her head, and made her queen instead of Vashti.

"They" Cast Lots Before Haman
Esth. 3:7

7 In the first month, that [is], the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahashverosh, they cast Pur, that [is], the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, [to] the twelfth [month], that [is], the month Adar.

Ester's 'Last' Visit With King Prior To Haman's Decree Was 30 Days
Prior To Nisan 13
Esth. 4:8-11

8 Also he gave him the copy of the writing of the decree that was given at Shushan to destroy them, to shew [it] unto Ester, and to declare [it] unto her, and to charge her that she should go in unto the king, to make supplication unto him, and to make request before him for her people.

9 and Hatakh came and told Ester the words of Mordekhay.

10 Again Ester spake unto Hatakh, and gave him commandment unto Mordekhay;

11 All the king's servants, and the people of the king's provinces, do know, that whosoever, whether man or woman, shall come unto the king into the inner court, who is not called [there is] one law of his to put [him] to death, except such to whom the king shall hold out the golden scepter, that he may live: but I have not been called to come in unto the king these thirty days [Adar 14 to Nisan 13].



Ester here represents a 'type' of the Last Adam/Yeshua who, 4000 years after the banishment from Gan Eden/Garden of Eden of the First Adam (in this picture, Vashti), is sent to reign in his stead. Note that Ester, here the Last Adam, begins her reign at Chanukah (the time of he conception of Yeshua in Mary's womb).

Ester also represents, here a 'type' of the Bride of Christ presented to Him in the year 7000.


The Chief Priests, scribes, and elders trying to decide when to kill Yeshua.


Adar 13, two years later, becomes Erev Purim.

Yeshua not 'bodily' before the Father G-d for 30 years before beginning His 'mission.'

Next Table


474/3 BCE

474/3 BCE

13th Yr. of King Ahashverosh
(Xerxes I)

13th Yr. of King Ahashverosh (Xerxes I)





Haman Offers Money & Petitions King Ahashverosh For Permission To Destroy Jews

(Esth. 3:8-9) 8 And Haman said unto king Ahashverosh, There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws [are] diverse from all people; neither keep they the king's profit to suffer them.

9 If it pelase the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed: and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those that have the charge of the business, to bring [it] into the king's treasuries.

First Day of Ester's Fast

Ester Declares Fast for 3 Nights and 3 Days

First 'Day' of Ester's Fast

(Est. 4:16) 16 Go, gather togther all the Jews that are present in Shusahn, and fast yet for me, and niether eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which [is] not according to the law: and if I perish, I perish.

King Gives Haman Funds
& Signature Ring Of Authority
(Esth. 3:12-13)

12 Then were the king's scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king's lieutenants, and to the governors that [were] over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and [to] every people after their language; in the name of king Ahashverosh was it written, and sealed with the king's ring.

13 And the letters were sent by posts into all the king's provinces, to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, all laws, both young and old, little children and women, in one day, [even] upon the thirteenth [day] of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, and [to take] the spoil of them for a prey.


Mordekhay Laments in City
& Before King's Gate
(Esth. 4:1-2)

1 when Mordekhay perceived all that was done, Mordekhay rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry;

2 And came even before the king's gate: for none [might] enter into the king's gate clothed with sackcloth.



Chief Priests and captains pay and enter into covenant with haSatan/Judas Iscariot to kill Yeshua.


Passover Lamb is slain. Yeshua's body is crucified: First day in the grave.


Ester Time Line Continues!
474/3 BCE
474/3 BCE

13th Yr. of King Ahashverosh
(Xerxes I)

13th Yr. of King Ahashverosh
(Xerxes I)

Night: First 'Night' of Ester's Fast

Night: Second 'Night' of Ester's Fast

Day: Second 'Day' of Ester's Fast

Day: Third 'Day' of Ester's Fast

Ester Appears Before King Requesting His and Haman's Presence at Her First Banquet of Wine
Est. 5:1

1 Now it came to pass on the third day, that Ester put on [her] royal [apparel], and stood in the inner court of the king's house, over against the king's house; and the king sat upon his royal throne in the royal house, over against the gate of the house.

Historical Flashback:
10 years ago, in the third year of Ahashverosh's reign,
Vashti was banished from the kingdom (Est. 1:19)

King is Very Pleased With Ester
and Golden Scepter Held Out to Her
Est. 5:2

2 And it was so, when the king saw Ester the queen standing in the court, [that] she obtained favour in his sight; and the king held out to Ester the golden scepter that [was] in his hand. So Ester drew near, and touched the top of the scepter.


King Grants Ester's First Petition:
Attendance at Her Banquet of Wine That Day
Est. 5: 4-5a

4 And Ester answered, If [it seem] good unto the king, let the king and Haman come this day unto the banquet that I have prepared for him.

5 Then the king said, Cause Haman to make haste, that he may do as Ester hath said.


Haman Has Gallows Built For Mordekhay
Est. 5: 14

14 Then said Zeresh his wife and all his friends unto him, Let a gallows be made of fity cubits high, and tomorrow speak thou unto the king that Mordekhay may be hanged thereon: then go thou in merrily with the king unto the banquet. And the thing pleased Haman; and he caused the gallows to be made.


King and Haman attend Ester's First Banquet of Wine
Est. 5: 5b

5b: So the king and Haman came to the banquet that Ester had prepared.


King Grants Ester's Second Petition:
Attendance at Her Banquet of Wine the Next Day

Est. 5: 6-8

6 And the king said unto Ester at the banquet of wine, What [is] thy petiton? and it shall be granted thee: and what [is] thy request? even to the half of the kingdom it shall be performed.

7 Then answered Ester, and said, My petition and my request [is]:

8 If I have found favour in the sight of the king, and if it please the king to grant my petition, and to perform my request, let the king and Haman come to the banquet that I shall prepare for them, and I will do tomorrow as the king hath said.


Yeshua's First Night and Second Day in the grave.


HaSatan/Haman has --- thinks he has -- killed Mordekhay, here a 'type' of Christ/Messiah.

Yeshua's Second Night and Third Day in the grave.


Ester's Time Line Goes On....
474/2 BCE

13th Yr. of King Ahashverosh
(Xerxes I)

Night: Third Night of Ester's Fast

King Cannot Sleep: Reads Chronicles; Desires to Reward Mordekhay
Est. 6: 1-3a

1 On that night could not the king sleep, and he commanded to bring the book of records of the chronicles; and they were read before the king.

2 And it was found written, that Mordekhay had told of Bigtana and Teresh, two of the king's chamberlains, the keepers of teh door, who sought to lay hand on king Ahashverosh.

3 And the king said, What honour and dignity hath been done to Mordekhay for this?

God the Father purposes to elevate Yeshua/Jesus above all.

Day: (33 1/2 days after Ester was last 'face-to-face' with the king without fasting)
Ester's Three Night and Day Fast Has Ended

Haman Pronounces Mordekhay's Reward and Parades Mordekhay Through the Streets
(Mordekhay Receives From King an Inheritance Haman Planned for Himself)
Est. 6: 10-11

10 Then the king said to Haman, Make haste, [and] take the apparel and the horse,
as thou has said, and do even so to Mordekhay the Jew, that sitteth at the king's gate: let nothing fail of all that thou has spoken.

11 Then took Haman the apparel and the horse, and arrayed Mordekhay, and brought him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaimed before him.
Thus shall it be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour.

Mordekhay Returns to King's Gate; Haman Returns to His House Mourning,
and Having His Head Covered Where He is Shown His Downfall
Est. 6:13

13 And Haman told Zeresh his wife and all his friends every [thing] that had befallen him. Then said his wise men and Zeresh his wife unto him, If Mordekhay [be] of the seed of the Jews, before whom thou hast begun to fail, thou shalt surely fall before him.

Mordekhay here is a 'type' of Christ/Messiah resurrected from haSatan's gallows/death (and fast) and now "every knee shall bow to him."

Ester's Second Banquet of Wine
(Ester can eat and drink--have communion --
with the King as she is no longer fasting.)

Est. 7:1

1 So the king and Haman came to banquet with Ester the queen.

King Grants Ester's Third Petition: Salvation for Her People
Est. 7:3

3 Then Ester the queen answered and said, If I have found favour in thy sight, O king,
and if it please the king,
let my life be given me at my petition, and my people at my request:

True Heart of Haman is Disclosed
Est. 7:6

6 And Ester said, The adversary and enemy [is] this wicked Haman.
Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen.

The King Departs into the Palace Garden
Est. 7:7a

7 And the king arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath [went] into the palace garden:

Haman Presses Ester for His Life as King Returns From Garden
Est. 7:7b-8

7b and Haman stood up to make request for his life to Ester the queen; for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king.

8 Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine; and Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon Ester [was]. Then said the king, Will he force the queen also before me in the house? As the word went out of the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face.

Haman is Hanged on the Gallows He had Prepared for Mordekhay
Est. 7:10

10 So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordekhay.
Then was the king's wrath pacified.

Haman's Inheritance is Given to Ester
Who Gives it to Mordekhay

Est. 8: 1-2

1 On that day did the king Ahashverosh give the house of Haman the Jews' enemy unto Ester the queen. And Mordekhay came before the king; for Ester had told what he [was] unto her.

2 And the king took off his ring, which he had taken from Haman, and gave it unto Mordekhay. And Ester set Mordekhay over the house of Haman.

History Flashback:

Hezekiah (whose name means "Jehovah is my strength", as in 'prevail') rededicates Solomon's Temple and reinstitutes the keeping of the Passover. [2 Ch. 29: 17-20, 30:2]

Mordekhay, here is a 'type' of Christ/Messiah, comes up from his fast/grave no longer clothed in sackcloth and ashes, but in regal apparel --with his enemies as his footstool/horseman--rejoicing that the victory over death for all believers was won fulfilling the Davidic prophecy of Psalm 30.

Ester here is a 'type' of Christ/Messiah, is given the domain/power of the adversary, who gives it to Mordekhay, here a 'type' of the body of Christ/Messiah.

Yeshua is face-to-face with the Father God after 33 1/2 years.

Ester's Time Line Goes On....
474/3 BCE

13th Yr. of King Ahashverosh
(Xerxes I)
(70 days after Nisan 14; 98 days after Adar 13)



Ester Presents Herself before King for Second Time and King Again Holds Out His Golden Scepter to Her
Est. 8: 3-4

3 And Ester spake yet again before the king, and fell down at his feet, and besought him with tears I to put away the mischief of Haman the Agagite, and his device that he had devised against the Jews.

4 Then the king held out the golden scepter toward Ester, So Ester arose, and stood before the king,

Ester Requests Reversal Of Hamanic Decree (Ester's 4th petition)
Ester 8:5

5 And said, If it please the king, and if I have found favour in his sight, and the thing [seem] right before the king, and I [be] pleasing in his eyes, let it be written to reverse the letters devised by Haman the son of Hammedata the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews which [are] in all the king's provinces:

*Ester Given Authority Previously Held By Haman
Ester 8:8

8 Write ye also for the Jews. as it liketh you, in the king's, name, and seal [it] with the king's ring: for the writing which is written in the king's name, and sealed with the king's ring, may no man reverse

Mordekhay Given Authority By Ester To Rule Over Jews And Act In King's Name
Ester 8: 9 -1 0

9 Then were the king's scribes called at that time in the third month, that [is], the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth [dayl thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordekhay commanded unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which [are] from Hoddu unto Kush, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language.

10 And he wrote in the king Ahashverosh' name, and sealed [itl with the king's ring, and sent letters by posts on horseback, [and) riders on mules, camels, [and] young dromedaries:

Mordekhay Gives His People Power To Destroy All
Who Would Assault Them On Adar 1 3
Ester 8:11-12

11 Wherein the king granted the Jews which [were] in every city to gather themselves together, and to stand for their life, to destroy, to slay, and to cause to perish, all the power of the people and province that would assault them, [both] little ones and women, and [to take] the spoil of them for a prey,

12 Upon one day in all the provinces of king Ahashverosh, [namely], upon the thirteenth [day] of the twelfth month, which [is] the month Adar.

Mordekhay Is Crowned And Yisrael Has Joy & Honor
Est. 8:15-16

15 And Mordekhay went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad.

16 The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour.

Ester, here a 'type' of Christ, and Mordekhay, here a 'type of the body of Christ, are granted power to rule in accordance with the will of Ahashverosh, here a 'type' of God the Father.

Yeshua crowned King of kings at tht beginning of Daniel's 70th week.


13th Year of King Ahashverosh (Xerxes 1)

Night & Day: Mordekhay reigns next unto King Ahashverosh
Ester 10:3

3 For Mordekhay the Jew [was] next unto king Ahashverosh,and great among the Jews, and accepted of the multitude of his brethren, seeking the wealth of his people, and speaking peace to all his seed.


Mordekhay here is a 'type' of Christ 2nd only to God the Father (here 'played' by Asashverosh). Having been accepted by the multitude of His brethren as King of kings and Lord of lords, He reigns for 1000 years bringing peace and good to all His seed. Note that His coronation by God and acceptance by His brethren are before the major battle for the Jews' life, just as it will be at the end of the Great Tribulation/ Yamin Nora'im. It is interesting to note that Xerxes I resigned for another 10 years after he crowned Mordekhay. It is also interesting to note that there is no mention of Mordekhay's demise.


Ester's Time Line Goes On....
ADAR 13 & 14 473/2 BCE

13th Yr. of King Ahashverosh
(Xerxes I)
14th Yr. of King Ahashverosh (Xerxes 1)
(266 days after Sivan 23; 335 after Nisan 14)



Battles Of Jews Against Those Who Would Oppose Them And The Shushan Battle
Est 9:1-5

1 Now in the twelfth month, that [is], the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them, (though it was turned to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over them that hated them;)

2 The Jews gathered themselves together in their cities throughout all the provinces of the king Ahashverosh, to lay hand on such as sought their hurt: and no man could withstand them, for the fear of them fell upon all people.

3* And all the rulers of the provinces, and the lieutenants, and the deputies, and officers of the king, helped the Jews; because the fear of Mordekhay fell upon then.

4 For Mordekhay [was] great in the king's house, and his fame went out throughout all the provinces: for this man Mordekhav
waxed greater and greater.

5 Thus the Jews smote all their enemies with the stroke of the sword, and slaughter, and destruction, and did what they would unto
those that hated then.

King Grants Ester's Fifth Petition
Est 9-13-14a

13 Then said Ester, If it please the king, let it be granted to the Jews which [are] in Shushan to do to morrow also according unto this day's decree, and let Haman's ten sons be hanged upon the gallows.

14 And the king commanded it so to be done: and the decree was given at Shushan;

Mordekhay Declares The Festival Of Purim
Est. 9:20, a-22

20 1 And Mordekhay wrote these things,

21 To stablish [this] among them, that they should keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same, yearly.

22 As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and from mourning into a good day: that they should make them days of feasting and joy, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor.


Yom Nikanor: Celebrating the victory of the battle of Judah the Maccabee against the Syrian army led by Nicanor.

The Battle of Armageddon; the binding of the devil and hasatan; and the marriage supper of the Lamb, Rev. 19-20.

Purim Book Index Buttons:

Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
Section 4
Section 5
Section 6
Section 7
General Purim Index