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Addendum To The Study In The Torah:
The Instruction Of God

Mordekahy and The Kings Time Line
With Empahsis on the Events
of the Book of Ester

Carrying Away To Babylon By Nebuchadnezzar Mordekhay Carried Away
to Babylon
Conquest Of Babylon By Medes/Persians

Scripture Reference:
2 Kings 25:8

["And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month, which is the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar, …came Nebuzaradan …and he burned the house of the Lord…"]

Jer. 52:13

["…In the fifth month, in the tenth day of the month, ..the nineteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar…….."]

Scripture Reference:

Ester 2:5-6 ["…In Shushan there was a Jew…Mordekhay…who had been carried away from Jerusalem with the captives who had been carried away with Jeconiah, king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, had carried away."]

Scripture Reference:

Daniel 5:31 ["And Darius, the Mede, took the kingdom, being about threescore and two years old."]

Contemporary Reference:
586 BCE [7th, l0th Av] 3
588 BCE [7th, l0th Av] 4

Contemporary Reference:
586 BCE 9
587 BCE 10
597 BCE 11

Contemporary Reference:
538 BCE 15
539 BCE 16
539BCE 17

Jewish Reference:
423 BCE [7th, l0th Av] 5
434 BCE [7th, l0th Av] 6
586 BCE [7th, l0th Av] 7

Jewish Reference:
434 & 423 & 335 BCE 12
589 BCE 13
597 BCE 14

Jewish Reference:
372 BCE 18
538 BCE 19

Hebrew Calendar Reference: Hebrew Calendar Reference: Hebrew Calendar Reference:
KPE Chron Yr8: 586 BCE
Ruling
King: Nebuchadnezzar 11
KPE Chron Yr.: 586 BCE
Ruling King:
Nebuchadnezzar II
KPE Chron Yr.: 539 BCE
Ruling King:
Darius, the Mede
Age of Mordekhay: 0 Age of Mordekhay: 0 Age of Mordekhay: 47

Footnotes for Previous Chart:
3 Jewish People, The, Max Wurmbrand, pg. 41
4CIarke's Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 569, Vol. 1 [2 Kings 25:8-9 notes:]
5Megillah Esther, ArtScroll, pg. xxiv
6 Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia, Mattis Kantor pg. 55-6
7Encyclopedia of Judaism, Geoffrey Wigoder, pg. 248; Standard Jewish Encyclopedia, The, Cecil Roth, pg. 653
8 Kings of the Persian Empire [Chronology Year as deduced by that study]
9 Jewish People, The, Max Wurmbrand, pg. 41
10"Menorah Light, The," 12/94 ['The Biblical Roots of Christianity']
11Biblical and Historical Background of the Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham. P. Bloch, pg. 81
12Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia, Mattis Kantor pg.70 [under 362 &335 BCE; he was a member of the 120 member Anshei Knesset Hagdola/the Sanhedrin]
13Encyclopedia Judaica, Geoffrey Wigoder, Vol.14, pg. 1051, 'Scroll of Esther'
14Encyclopedia Judaica, Geoffrey Wigoder, Vol. 12, pg.307
15Jewish People, The, Max Wurmbrand, pg. 45
16Unger's Bible Dictionary, Merril F. Unger, pg. 846
17Bible As History, Werner Keller, Pg. 206
18Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia, Mattis Kantor pg. 68-9
19Biblical and Historical Background of the Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg.79; Encyclopedia Judaica, Geoffrey Wigoder, Vol. 4, pg.34

Next Chart...
Cyrus Becomes Ruler Over Medo-Persian Empire Cyrus Authorizes Rebuilding of the Jerusalem Temple (Zerubbabel) Mordekhay Goes Back to Jerusalem With Zerubbabel
Scripture Reference: Scripture Reference:

Ezra 1:1-3 ["In the first year of Cyrus, King of Persia"]

Scripture Reference:

Ezra 2:1-2 ["Now these are the children of the province who went up out of the captivity, of those…whom Nebuchadnezzar …had carried away…Who came with Zerubbabel:….Mordekhay…"]

Contemporary Ref.:
536 BCE20
538 BCE21

Contemporary Ref.:
536 BCE24
538 BCE25
Contemporary Ref.:
536 BCE29
Jewish Reference:
371 BCE22
550 BCE23
Jewish Reference:
370 BCE26
371 BCE27
538 BCE28
Jewish Reference:
371 BCE30
538 BCE 31
Hebrew Calendar Reference: Hebrew Calendar Ref.: Hebrew Calendar Ref.:
KPE Chron Yr:
538BCE
KPE Chron Yr.:
538/7 BCE
KPE Chron Yr:
538/7 BCE
Ruling King:
Cyrus II
Ruling King: Cyrus II Ruling King: Cyrus II
Age of Mordekhay: 48 Age of Mordekhay: 48-9 Age of Mordekhay: 48-9

Footnotes to Previous Chart:

20Clarke's Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 708, Vol. 1 [2Chr.36:22]
21New Scofield Reference Bible, KJV, Pg. 536, note (1) 4:3
22Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia, Mattis Kantor pg.69
23Encyclopedia Judaica, Geoffrey Wigoder, Vol. 5, pg. 1184
24Clarke's Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 742, Vol. 1 [Ezra 6:14 notes]
25New Scofield Reference Bible, KJV, pg.536 note (1) 4:3
26Megillah Ester, ArtScroll, pg. xxiv; Standard Jewish Encyclopedia, The, Cecil Roth, pg. 653, 654, 1490; Encyclopedia Judaica, Geoffrey Wigoder, Vol. 15, pg. 955
27Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia, Mattis Kantor pg. 69
28Encyclopedia of Judaism, Geoffrey Wigoder, pg. 248
29Clarke's Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 732, Vol. 1 [Ezra 1:2 date]
30Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia, Mattis Kantor pg. 69
31Biblical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Block, pg. 83

And the beat goes on....

Sacrifice Offered Before Foundation of Temple Was Laid The Foundation of The Second Temple Laid Ahashverosh Becomes King of Persian Empire
Scripture Reference:

Ezra 3:6 ["From the first of the seventh month, began they to offer burnt offerings unto the Lord. But the foundation of the temple of the Lord was not yet laid."]

Scripture Reference:

Ezra 3:8-10 ["now in the second year of their coming unto the house of God at Jerusalem, in the second month… to set for-ward the work of the house of the Lord …and…the builders laid the foundation of the temple of the Lord…"]

Zech. 4:9 ["The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house; his hands shall also finish it; and thou shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto you."]

Scripture Reference:
Contemporary Ref.:
536 BCE [Tishri 1]32
Contemporary Ref.:
536 BCE [Iyar]34
Contemporary Ref.:
464 BCE 37
Jewish Reference:
370 BCE33
Jewish Reference:
520 BCE [Kislev 24]35
537 BCE36
Jewish Reference:
368 BCE38
369 BCE 39
485 BCE40
486 BCE41
Hebrew Calendar Ref.:
Rosh haShanah
Hebrew Calendar Ref.: Hebrew Calendar Ref.:
KPE Chron Yr: KPE Chron Yr: KPE Chron Yr: 530/29 BCE
Ruling King: Cyrus II Ruling King: Cyrus II Ruling King: Cyrus II
Age of Mordekhay: Age of Mordekhay: Age of Mordekhay: 56-57

Footnotes for Previous Chart:

32Clarke's Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 735, Vol. 1 [Ezra 3:1]
33Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia, Mattis Kantor pg. 69
34A Commentary, Jamieson, Fausset, Brown, pg. 595, Vol. 1 {Ezra 6:13]
35[Hag.2:18 "Consider now from this day and upward, from the four and twentieth day of the ninth [month, even] from the day that the foundation of the L-RD"S temple was laid, consider [it]."] Encyclopedia Judaica, Geoffrey Wigoder, Vol. 15, pg. 936, Vol. 16, pg. 1000-10001
36Biblical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 86
37Clarke's Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 805, Vol. 1 [Ester: intro. & 1:1]
38Magillah Esther, ArtScroll, pg xxii
39Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia, Mattis Kantor pg. 70 [mathematical deduction]
40 Biblical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 80 [Megillah 11a]
41Encyclopedia Judaica, Geoffrey Wigoder, Vol. 14, pg. 1051, 'Scroll of Esther'

and on!
Cessation of Construction of the Second Temple Darius King of Persian Empire Darius Recommnces Construction of Second Temple
Scripture Reference:

Ezra 4:6, 21 ["And in the reign of Ahashverosh, in the beginning of his reign…give ye now commandment to cause these men to cease…"]

Ezra 4:24 ["Then ceased the work of the house of God which is at Jerusalem. So it ceased unto the second year of the reign of Darius, king of Persia."]

Scripture Reference: Scripture Reference:

Ezra 4:24 ["Then ceased the work of the house of God which is at Jerusalem . So it ceased unto the second year of the reign of Darius, king of Persia."]

Contemporary Ref.:
486 BCE42
522 BCE
Contemporary Ref.: Contemporary Ref.:
519 BCE 48
24th day, 9th mo/Kislev49
Jewish Reference:
368 BCE 43
370 BCE44
486 BCE45
537 BCE46
Jewish Reference:
353 BCE
[Son of Ester and Ahashverosh ???: does not compute]47
Jewish Reference:
351 BCE 48
353 BCE51
522 BCE52
Hebrew Calendar Ref.: Hebrew Calendar Ref.: Hebrew Calendar Ref.:
KPE Chron Yr: 530-29 BCE KPE Chron Yr: 521-486 BCE KPE Chron Yr: 520 BCE
Ruling King: Cambyses II Ruling King: Darius I Ruling King: Darius I
Age of Mordekhay: 56-57 Age of Mordekhay: 65 Age of Mordekhay: 66

Foot Notes for This Chart:

42New Scofield Reference Bible, KJV, pg. 536, note (4) 4:3
43Megillah Esther, ArtScroll, pg. xxiv
44Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia, Mattis Kantor pg. 69
45Encyclopedia Juaica, Geoffrey Wigoder, Vol. 2, pg. 454
46Biblical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 86
47Megillah Esther, ArtScroll, pg. xxiv
48 Clarke's Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 742, Vol. 1 [Ezra 6:14 notes]
49A Commentary, Jamieson, Fausset, Brown, pg. 595, Vol.1 [Ezra 6:13]
50Megillah Esther, ArtScroll, pg. xxiv
51Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia, Mattis Kantor pg. 71
52Biblical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 86

And the Beat Goes On...
Second Temple Finished Ahashverosh's 180 Day Feast Ahashverosh's 7 Day Shushan Feast
Scripture Reference:

Ezra 6:15 ["And this house was finished on the third day of the month Adar, which was in the sixth year of the reign of Darius, the king."]

Scripture Reference:

Ester 1:3-4 ["In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants…even an hundred and fourscore days."]

Scripture Reference:

Ester 1:3,5 ["In the third year…… the king made a feast, …seven days in the court of the garden…"]

Contemporary Ref.:
515 BCE53
515 BCE [21st Feb.]54
Contemporary Ref.:
483 BCE56
462 BCE57
Contemporary Ref.:
462 BCE65
Jewish Reference:
349 BCE [3rd Adar]55
Jewish Reference:
365 BCE58
366 BCE59
527 BCE60
534 BCE61

8th Tishri - 8th Nisan62

3 years after suspension of rebuilding of the 2nd Temple63

Jewish Reference:
366 BCE66
9th-15th Nisan67
Hebrew Calendar Ref.: Hebrew Calendar Ref.:
Solomon's Dedication Of Temple64
8th Tishri - 8th Nisan62
Hebrew Calendar Ref.:
10th - 14th Nisan = Days of Preparation for Pesach
15th Nisan = Pesach
KPE Chron Yr: 516 BCE KPE Chron. Yr:
483/2 BCE
KPE Chron Yr:
483/2 BCE
Ruling King: Darius I Ruling King: Xerxes I Ruling King: Xerxes I
Age of Mordekhay: 70 Age of Mordekhay: 103-4 Age of Mordekhay: 103-4

Footnotes for The Previous Chart:

53Clarke's Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 742, Vol.1 [Ezra 6:14 notes]
54A Commentary, Jamieson, Fausset, Brown, pg. 595, Vol. 1 [Ezra 6:13]
55Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia, Mattis Kantor pg. 71 [NOTE: The king of Persia insisted that an engraving of the city of Shushan be placed in the Beit haMikdash as a clear indication of who had authorized the rubuilding; it was placed on the eastern gate, which was consequently called Sha'ar Shushan.]

56New Scofield Reference Bible, KJV, pg. 562 [intro. to book of Esther]
57Clarke's Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg.806 Vol. 1 [Esther 1:3 dates]
58Megillah Esther, ArtScroll, pg.xxiv
59Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia, Mattis Kantor pg. 70
60Biblical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 87 [Rava]
61[8th of Tishri] Biblical And Historical Background of the Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 86
62Blibical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 88 [Rabbi Solomon Alkabez, 16th cty.]
63Biblical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 88 [Esther Rabba 2:3]
64Biblical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 88
65Clarke's Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 807, Vol. 1 [Esther 1:5 date]
66Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia, Mattis Kantor pg. 70 [deductive information based on date of 180 day banquet]
67Biblical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 88

More to Study...
Vashti Banished
From Kingdom
Fair Young Virgins Gathered
(Spent One Year. In Beautification)
Ester Presented To Ahashverosh And Made Queen

Scripture Reference:
Ester 1:3,5,10,13-21 ["In the third year...the king made a feast,...seven days...On the seventh day...Then the king said...What shall we do unto the queen, Vashti?...let Vashti come no more before king Ahashverosh; and let the king give her royal estate unto another who is better than she...]

Scripture Reference:
Ester 2:8
["...and when many maidens were gathered together unto Shushan the palace, to the custody of Hegay,...Ester was brought also unto the king’s house"]

Ester 2:12
["Now when every maid’s turn was come to go in to king Ahashverosh, after she had been twelve months,...the days of their beautification accomplished..."]

Scripture Reference:
Ester 2:16

["So Ester was taken unto King Ahashverosh into his house royal in the tenth month, which is the month Tevet, in the seventh year of his reign."]

Contemporary Reference:
462 BCE69
Contempory Reference:
458 BCE70
Contempory Reference:
458 BCE {Tevet]72
Jewish Reference:
366 BCE70
Jewish Reference:362 BCE71 Jewish Reference:
Hebrew Calendar Reference: Hebrew Calendar Reference:

Hebrew Calendar Reference:
1st, 2nd Tevet=
7th & 8th days of Chanukah

KPE Chron Yr: 483/2 BCE KPE Chron Yr.: KPE Chron Yr: 479/8 BCE
Ruling King: Xerxes I Ruling King:Xerxes I Ruling King:Xerxes I
Age of Mordekhay: 103-4 Age of Mordekhay: Age of Mordekhay: 107-8

Footnotes for the Previous Chart:
68 Clark’s Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 809, Vol 1 [Ester 2:22 cate}
69 Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia, Mattis Kantor pg. 70
70 Clarke’s Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 809, Vol.1, [Ester 2:3 date]
71 Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia, Mattis Kantor pg. 70
72 Clarke’s Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 811, Vol 1 [Ester 2:12]

More and More...
Mordekhay Promoted To King’s Gate Lots Cast Before Haman For A Date To Annihilate The Jews Ester’s Last Visit With Ahashverosh Prior To Haman’s Decree

Scripture Reference:
Ester 2:19
["And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordekhay sat in the king’s gate."]

Scripture Reference:
Ester 3:7
["In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahashverosh, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar."]

Scripture Reference:
Ester 4:8-11
["..but I have not been called to come in unto the king these thirty days."]

Contemporary Reference: Contemporary Reference:
453 BCE [Nisan]73
510 BCE [Nisan]74
Contemporary Reference:
Jewish Reference: Jewish Reference: Jewish Reference:
Hebrew Calendar Yr. Hebrew Calendar Reference: Hebrew Calendar Reference:
Adar 13 [two years later became Erev Purim]
KPE Chron Yr.: KPE Chron Yr.: 474/3 BCE KPE Chron Yr.: 474/3 BCE
Ruling King: Xerxes I Ruling King: Xerxes I Ruling King: Xerxes I
Age of Mordekhay: Age of Mordekhay: 112-13 Age of Mordekhay: 112-13

Footnotes for Previous Chart:
73 Clarke’s Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 814, Vol. 1 [Ester 3:7 date]
74 Clarke’s Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 813, Vol. 1 [Ester 3:7 notes]

More Good Stuff!
Proclaimation Of Haman’s Decree To Annihilate The Jews Ester’s 3 Day / 3 Night Fast Ester’s 1st Banquet Of Wine For Haman And Ahashverosh

Scripture Reference:
Ester 3:12

["Then were the king’s scribes called on the thireenth day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king’s lieutenants...]

Scripture Reference:
Ester 4:15
["Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will fast likewise;...]

Scripture Reference:
Ester 5:1
["Now...on the third day,...Ester put on her royal apparel, and stood in the inner court of the king’s house...]

Ester 5:3-4
["...let the king and Haman come this day unto the banquet that I have prepared for him...so the king and Haman came to the banquet..."]

Contemporary Reference:
453 BCE [13 Nisan]75
Contemptorary Reference:
453 BCE76
Contemporary Reference:
453 BCE81
Jewish Reference: Jewish Reference:
13, 14 & 15th Nisan77
13, 14 & 15th Nisan78
14, 15 & 16th Nisan79
Jewish Reference:
Ester still fasting82
Feast held 2 hrs. before advent of night83
15th Nisan84
Hebrew Calendar Reference: Hebrew Calendar Reference:
Fast ended on last day of anniversary of Ahashverosh’s Shushan banquet80
Hebrew Calendar Reference:
Anniversary of death of Vashti85
KPE Chron Yr.: 474/3 BCE KPE Chron Yr.: 474/3 BCE KPE Chron Yr: 474/3 BCE or 473/2 BCE
Ruling King: Xerxes I Ruling King: Xerxes I Ruling King: Xerxes I
Age of Mordekhay: 112-14 Age of Mordekhay: 112-14 Age of Mordekhay: 112-14

Footnotes for Previous Chart:

75 Clarke’s Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 815, Vol. 1[Ester 3:12 date]
76 Clarke’s Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 817, Vol.1 [Ester 4:16 date]
77 Encyclopedia Judaica, Geoffrey Wigoder, Vol. 6 pg.908, ‘Ester’
78 Biblical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Tabbi Abraham Pl Bloch, pg.89
79 Book Of Our Heritage, The, Eliyahy Kitov, pg. 54
80 Biblical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 89
81 Clarke’s Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 818, Vol. 1 [Ester 5:1 date]
82 Biblical And Historial Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 90
83 Book Of Our Heritage, The, Eliyahu Kitov, pg. 86 [Gaon of Vilna]
84 Bibcial And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 90
85 Bibical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 89

Still Hanging in There, HUH?
Ahashverosh Cannot Sleep, Reads Chronicles Haman Parades Mordekhay Through Shushan Ester’s 2nd Banquet Of Wine For Haman And Ahashverosh

Scripture Reference:
Ester 6:1
["On that night could not the king sleep, and he commanded to bring the book of records of the chronicles; and they were read before the king."]

Scripture Reference:
Ester 6:10-11
["Then the king said to Haman,...and do even so to Mordekhay...of all that thou hast spoken...Then took Haman ...and arrayed Mordekhay, and brought him...through the street of the city..."]

Scripture Reference:
Ester 7:1
["So the king and Haman came to banqwuet with Ester the queen. And the king said again unto Ester on the second day at the banquet of wine..."]

Contemporary Reference:
453 BCE86

Contemporary Reference:
453 BCE88
Contemporary Ref.: 453 BCE89
Jewish Reference:
16th Nisan87
Jewish Reference: Jewish Reference:
16th Nisan90
Hebrew Calendar Reference:
16th Nisan87
Hebrew Calendar Reference: Hebrew Calendar Reference:
KPE Chron Yr.: 474/3 BCE or 473/2 BCE KPE Chron Yr.: 474/3 BCE or 473/2 BCE KPE Chron Yr.: 474/3 BCE or 473/2
Ruling King: Xerxes I Ruling King: Xerxes I Ruling King: Xerxes I
Age of Mordekhay 112-14 Age of Mordekhay 112-14 Age of Mordekhay 112-14

Footnotes for Previous Chart:

86 Clarke’s Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 819, Vol.1 [Ester 6:1 date]
87 Biblical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 90
88 Clarke’s Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 819, Vol. 1 [Ester 6:9-12 date]
89 Clarke’s Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 821, Vol. 1 [Ester 7:1-2 date]
90 Biblical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 90

Almost Finished...
Haman Is Hung Mordekhay Placed Second in Command Of Empire Mordekhay Issues Jews Defense Proclamation
Scripture Reference:
Ester 7:10
["So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordekhay."]
Scripture Reference:
Ester 8:1-2
["On that day did the king Ahashverosh give the house of Haman the Jews’ enemy unto Ester...And the king took off his ring which he had taken from Haman, and gave it unto Mordekhay."]
Scripture Reference:
Ester 8:7-9
["And the king Ahashverosh said unto Ester...and... Mordekhay...Write ye also for the Jews, as it liketh you...Then were the king’s scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof; and it was written..."]
Contemporary Reference:
453 BCE91
Contemporary Reference:
453 BCE93
Contemporary Reference:
453 BCE [23rd Sivan]96
Jewish Reference:
16th Nisan92
Jewish Reference:
17th Nisan94
Jewish Reference:
356 BCE [23rd Sivan]97
Hebrew Calendar Reference: Hebrew Calendar Reference:
Hezekiah’s rededication of Solomon’s Temple95
Hebrew Calendar Reference:
KPE Chron Yr.: 474/3 BCE or 473/2 KPE Chron Yr. 474/3 BCE or 473/2 BCE KPE Chron Yr.: 474/3 BCE or 473/2
Ruling King: Xerxes I Ruling King: Xerxes I Ruling King: Xerxes I
Age of Mordekhay: 112-14 Age of Mordekhay: 112-14 Age of Modekhay: 112-14

Footnotes for Previous Chart:
91 Clarke’s Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 822, Vol. 1 [Ester 7:9 date]
92 Biblical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 90
93 Clarke’s Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 823, Vol. 1 [Ester 8:1-2 date]
94 Biblical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 90 [2 Chr. 29:17]
95 Biblical And Historical Background Of The Jewish Holy Days, The, Rabbi Abraham P. Bloch, pg. 90 [2 Chr. 29:17]
96 Clarke’s Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 823-4, Vol. 1 [Ester 8:7-9 date]
97 Jewish Timeline Encyclopedia, Mattis Kantor pg.70

The Last Chart of This Section!
Battles Between Jews And Their Opposers Ahashverosh Dies Mordekhay Dies
Scripture Reference:
Ester 9:1-5
["Now in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same,...the Jews smote all their enemies...]

Ester 9:13-14
["Then said Ester...let it be granted to the Jews which are in Shushan to do tomorrow also according unto this day’s decree...And the king commanded it..."]

Scripture Reference: Scripture Reference:
Contemporary Reference:
453 BCE [13 & 14 Adar]98
Contemporary Reference: Contemporary Reference:
Jewish Reference: Jewish Reference:
353 BCE100
465 BCE101
Jewish Reference:
Hebrew Calendar Reference:
Yom Nikanor99
Hebrew Calendar Reference: Hebrew Calendar Reference:
KPE Chron Yr.: 473/2 BCE or 472/1 BCE KPE Chron Yr.: 465 BCE Yr. Per KPE Chron:
Ruling King: Xerxes I Ruling King: Xerxes I  
Age of Mordekhay: 113-15 Age of Mordekhay: 121 Age of Mordekhay:

Footnotes of This Final Chart (There is More To Come on the Next Page!)

98 Clarke’s Commentary, Adam Clarke, pg. 825-6, Vol. 1 [Ester 9:5-14 date]
99 Jewish Holidays, The, Michael Strassfeld, pg. 189 [celebration of victory of Judah the Maccabee over the Syrian army led by Nicanor]
100 Megillah Ester, ArtScroll, pg. XXIV
101 Encyclopedia Judaica, Geoffrey Wigoder, Vol. 14, pg. 1051, ‘Scroll of Ester’

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Purim Book Index Buttons:

Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
Section 4
Section 5
Section 6
Section 7
General Purim Index