Purim Study Continues!!!!!
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The Study In The Torah:
The Instruction Of God
Give Gifts To The Poor
This chesed, covenantal act of lovingkindness, is to be done before the reading of the Megillah so that the poor may use these gifts for their Purim meal.
(Keep your groggers and noise makers handy! We're getting closer!)
Blessings Before The Meal
Torah is studied before Seudah, the festival meal, because it was said "unto the Jew there was light and joy." G-d puts light first; light comes from the Torah, His instruction. [Ps. 119:130]
Birkhot Hanehenim, Blessings of Enjoyment:
The underlying principle of the Blessings of Enjoyment is that man is forbidden to enjoy anything of the world without first saying a blessing" [Berakhot 35a, b]. This is based on Psalms 24:1a: "The earth is the L-rd's, and the fullness thereof..." The blessing is a way of asking for and receiving G-d's permission to take and enjoy that which belongs to Him.
The specific wording used for the blessing over bread is based on Psalms 104:4 which praises G-d, the Creator, for providing the resources that enable man, through his toil, to bring forth bread from the earth. Though it is man who toils, it is G-d who 'brings forth.' The Blessing for bread, the staff of life, suffices for everything eaten as part of the meal, except wine and fresh fruit, which require a separate blessing [Berakhot 41 b].
"Baruch atah Adonai Eloheinu Melech ha-olam hamotzi lechem min ha-aretz."
"Blessed art Thou, L-rd our G-d, King of the universe who brings forth bread from the earth."
(See the 'picture' here: the Bread that was buried and rose again from the earth: Yeshua/Jesus! That's why 'lechem,' 'bread,' is sung at a higher note than the rest of the blessing.)
"Baruch atah Adonai Eloheinu Melech ha-olam borei pri ha-etz."
"Blessed art Thou, L-rd our G-d, King of the universe who creates the fruit of the tree.
Wine, like bread, enjoys a special distinction as in Psalms 104:15: "And wine that maketh glad the heart of man,...and bread which strengtheneth man's heart." Wine is a symbol of joy and celebration. (Without the blood of Yeshua/Jesus there is no reason to celebrate.)
"Baruch atah Adonai Eloheinu Melech ha-olam borei pri hagafen."
"Blessed art Thou L-rd our G-d, King of the universe who brings forth fruit from the vine."
(Who is the vine? Who are the fruit? John 15:5: "I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing.")
Having asked and blessed the L-rd for His permission and provision, let us enjoy our meal! (EAT!)
Birkat Hamazon, Grace After Meals
"When you have eaten and are full, then thou shalt bless the L-rd thy G-d for the good land which He has given thee. " [Deut. 8:10] Why does G-d command us to recite a blessing 'after' eating? Perhaps it is that it is easier to remember the L-rd when you are hungry and the 'gift' is In front of you.... But it often happens that when people are 'full' and the need is gone, so is the remembrance of their source. Moses was concerned about this very thing for he said right after the commandment to bless G-d 'after' the meal: "Beware that thou forget not the L-rd thy G-d, in not keeping His commandments, and His judgments, and His statutes, which I command thee this day: Lest when thou hast eaten and art full, and hast built goodly houses, and dwelt therein; And when thy herds and thy flocks multiply, and thy silver and thy gold is multiplied, and all that thou hast is multiplied; Then thine heart be lifted up, and thou forget the L-rd thy G-d... And thou say in thine heart, My power and the might of mine hand hath gotten me this wealth. But thou shalt remember the L-rd thy G-d for it is He that giveth thee power to get wealth, that He may establish His covenant which He sware unto thy fathers, as it is this day." [Deut. 8:11-14a, 17-18]
The call to say Grace Together:
"Let the Name of the L-rd be blessed from now and forever more.
Blessed be He, our G-d, of whose food we have eaten and from whose goodness we live."
Blessing for the Food, Birkat Hazan:
"Blessed art Thou, L-rd our G-d, King of the universe, who in Your goodness, grace, loving kindness, and mercy, nourishes the whole world. You give food to all flesh, for Your loving kindness is everlasting. In Your great goodness, we have never lacked for food; may we never lack for food, for the sake of Your great Name. For You nourish and sustain all, You do good to all, and prepare food for all Your creatures that You created. Blessed art Thou, L-rd, who provides food for all."
Blessing for the Land, Birkat Haaretz:
"We thank You, L-rd our G-d, for the desirable, good and spacious land that You gave our forefathers as a heritage; for having brought us out of the land of Egypt and redeemed us from slavery; for Your covenant that You sealed in our flesh; for Your Torah which You taught us and Your statutes which You made known to us; for the life, the grace and loving kindness that You have bestowed on us; and for the food we eat with which You constantly feed and sustain us every day, at all times of the day and in every hour. We thank You for the miracles, for the redemption, for the mighty deeds and victories, and for the battles that You didst perform for our fathers in those days, during Purim. Although men fought in the battles and were involved in the victories of Purim, it was You, L-rd G-d who made the victories possible. You caused the evil counsel of Haman to be overturned, his plans to be upset, and his subsequent punishment. Thank You, L-rd G-d for revealing Your saving powers in the great events of Jewish history and bringing us to this season of remembrance.
For everything, L-rd our G-d, we thank You and bless You; may Your name be blessed in the mouth of every living creature at all times and for all time; as is written in Your Torah: 'When you have eaten and are satisfied, you shall bless the L-rd Your G-d for the good land that He has given You.' Blessed art Thou, L-rd, for the land and for the food."
The Blessing for Jerusalem, Birkat Yerushalayim:
"Be merciful, L-rd our G-d, to Your people Yisrael, to Your city Jerusalem, and to Zion, the dwelling place of Your glory, to the royal House of David, Thine anointed, and to the great and holy Temple that was called by Thy name. Our G-d, our Father, tend us, feed us, sustain us, maintain us, and comfort us. Grant us speedy relief, L-rd our G-d, from all our troubles. And please, L-rd our G-d, let us not need other people's gifts or loans, but only Your filled and open hand, holy and bountiful. So that we may not ever be shamed or humiliated. Rebuild Jerusalem, the holy city, soon in our days. Blessed art Thou, L-rd, who in Your mercy builds Jerusalem."
(The Ya'aleh V'Yavo--which is also said in the Amidah, morning service--actually depicts the bringing of a festival offering to the altar. In the time of the Temple, the Jews came on pilgrimage laden with voluntary offerings to the Temple at Yerushalayim. The steps to the Temple are irregularly spaced instructing us that we do not enter into the presence of G-d in haste. Rather we pray the eight stages by which our verbal remembrances come before G-d:
Ya'aleh V'Yavo is not limited to the events of Purim, it is also a prayer for the present and the future. Although material gifts are no longer brought to the Temple, we can offer up our sacrifices of praise and bring gifts of remembrances. We remember our fathers, the Messiah, Yerushalayim, and the House of Yisrael united in brotherhood as a people.)
Our G-d and G-d of our fathers,
may there ascend, come forward, draw near, appear, be accepted,
be heard, counted and remembered before You Our remembrances and
The remembrance of our fathers, The remembrance of the Messiah, son of Thy servant David, The remembrance of Yerushalayim, Thy Holy City, And the remembrance of all Thy people, the House of Yisrael (So that we may in turn receive from You) [cf. 1 Cor.11:29c-30] Deliverance, goodness, grace, loving kindness, mercy, life, and peace on this Day of Mordekhay*.[*Title for the Festvial of Purim.] Remember us, L-rd our G-d on the day of Lots* for good; Think of us on This Day of Protection* for blessing; Save us on Purim* for a good life.
By the promise of salvation and mercy, spare us and be gracious to us, have mercy upon us and save us, For our eyes are turned to You, For You art a gracious and merciful G-d King. Amen.
The Blessing of Goodness, Birkat Hatov V'hametiv:
"Blessed art Thou, L-rd our G-d, King of the universe, G-d our Father, our King; our Mighty One; our Creator; our Redeemer; our Maker; our Holy One, the Holy One of Jacob; our Shepherd, the Shepherd of Yisrael.
Thou art the King who is good and does good to all. For every day You have done good to us, do good to us, and will do good to us; it is You who have bestowed, does bestow and will always bestow upon us grace, loving kindness, mercy and relief; rescue, success, blessing, salvation; consolation, sustenance, and maintenance; mercy, life, peace and all good; and of everything good, my we never lack.
May it be G-d's will that our host (and/or hostess) should never be humillated in this world nor disgraced in the world-to-come. May the Merciful One bless our host (and/or hostes) and all who are seated about this table...just as our forefathers were blessed in every way with every manner of blessing.
Sing "Abba-My Father." *See copyright information below, please.
Thought: Three is the number in scripture that represents
'resurrection.' "Abba,Father' appears three times in the
(1) Mark 14:36, "And He said, "Abba, Father, all things are possible unto Thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thouh wilt."
(2) Romans 8:15-17, "...but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba Father. The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of G-d: And if children, then heirs; heirs of G-d, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with Him, that we may be also glorified together."
(3) Galatians 4:6, "And because ye are sons, G-d hath sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying, Abba Father."
More Food For Thought: Maranatha! and Springtide Music's "Abba-My Father," A compilation of several smaller songs written by "Steve Fry", Jack Hayford** and Jimmy Owens***, and composed by Linnie Campbell, beautifully represents the Purim lesson that in unity His praise/joy/strength is made manifest. [cf. Neh. 8:10b; Is. 12:2; Ps. 8:2; Matt. 21: 16b]
"Abba-My Father" (c) 1988 SPRINGTIDE MUSIC (Administered by MARANATHA! MUSIC c/o The Copyright Company Nashville, Tn.) All Rights Reserverd. International Copyright Secured. Used by Permission.
Now you only need to read The Book of Ester and enjoy the evening!
Purim Book Index Buttons:
General Purim Index