Sabbath: The Light is Messiah

Let’s Begin the Sabbath

We will be using this font for commentary through out the coming section. Commentary means that it might be something that you would want to say aloud or share with your family. It is written as an explanation of what they are experiencing, but is not part of the service, it's okay to teach and explain as you go. We’ve also chosen to use a larger font size to help you read more easily.

We will be using underlines for the prayers that are to be said in the coming section. They will appear in bold type. It will clearly say: "HOST RECITE" or "ALL READ." You may also sing the prayers if you know them.

General directions will appear in this font as you read through. All of this will be easy to follow.


*Make Challah bread

*Clean the house

*Shop for meal ingredients

*Invite guests (optional)

*Set the table with your finest

*Teach your family about what to expect during the evening.

***Note from the writers. This celebration is not one that you can just put together at the last minute. For the best possible presentation of the Sabbath, please read through this whole section several days before Friday. You will also need to bake or purchase challah bread, and check our list of things to have on hand.

Sections of the Home Service for Sabbath:

*Lighting the candles

*Blessing for children

*Blessing for wife

*Blessing for husband

*Blessing for wine

*Blessing over hand washing

*Blessing for challah

*Eating the meal


*Focused conversation

*Blessing after the meal

*More singing and possibly dancing

*Making love


Women have the honor of lighting the candles for her household. If a woman is not present then a man is permitted to light the candles. This is called a "good deed."


The reason it is reserved for a woman is because through a woman (Eve), the light of the world went out, but through another woman (Mary), the light of the world returned. Also the woman is a picture of the coming bride.

How many candles for the Sabbath?

At least two! We want to use the same number of candles each week. What does this teach us? We never want to decrease in God, but always increase. Some people light a candle for each member of their family each week, while still others light only the two.

What do the two candles represent?

The two candles represent several things. One teaching is that one candle represents Moses and the other is Elijah. Moses represents the Torah or teachings of God, and Elijah represents the prophets. Both prophets were said to be witnesses in the ancient Jewish wedding ceremony. Both would be present to point to the bridegroom and bride as having fulfilled the requirements for marriage. The light atop each candle can teach that both the Torah (teachings of God) and the Prophets come alive when we accept Yeshua into our lives each week at the Sabbath. Over and over we read in the Bible that there must be two or three witnesses for legal matters. So, too, must there be witnesses that Messiah Yeshua has met all the requirements to be married to the bride and to become king.

Is it important to do things in this order?

Yes, God is a very orderly God, and we have learned that everything is for a reason. Nothing is disorderly or out of place. Only the world runs on chaos when HaSatan is ruler of your heart. When God takes over a peace comes that passes all understanding.


1. COVER YOUR HEAD-a scarf is usually used.

WOMAN OF THE HOUSE RECITES OR SINGS: Lord of the Universe, I am about to perform the sacred duty of kindling the lights in honor of the Sabbath, as it is written. "And you shall call the Sabbath a delight, and the Holy Day of the Lord honorable." And may the effect of my fulfilling this commandment be that the stream of abundant life and heavenly blessing flow in on me and mine; that you be gracious to us, and cause Your Sh'khinah (presence) to dwell with us. (T.J.P.)

Father of mercy, continue Your loving kindness to me and my dear ones. Make me worthy to (rear my children that they may) walk in the way of the righteous before You, loyal to Your Torah (Instructions or Teaching) and clinging to good deeds. Keep far from us all manner of shame, grief, and care; and grant that peace, light, and joy abide in our home forever. For with you is the fountain of life; in Your light (Yeshua) do we see light. Amen. (T.J. P.)


3. PULL THE LIGHT TOWARDS YOURSELF without touching the flames.



Blessed and Praised are You O Lord our God, King of the universe, Who sanctified us by Your commandments and commanded us to light the Sabbath lights. (T.J.P.)

What is the picture being presented of Yeshua as the Messiah?

First, it was through a woman (Eve) that the light of the world went out through sin. And it was through another woman (Mary) that the light of the world came back in. When the woman covers her head she is showing submission to her husband, just as he is submissive to the Messiah Yeshua. The candles show us many things. There are two candles which represent the Torah (God's Instructions for our lives) and the Prophets. Through the Instructions of God (Torah) and the Prophets we see Yeshua as the Messiah and the Light of the world. One friend likens the candle holders to being us! She sees us as holding Him each week within us. The candles are straight and tall, just as He will be when He comes.

When the woman pulls the light towards herself it is a picture of drawing Yeshua in to her life and into her home. She covers her eyes to represent many things, but my favorite thing is trusting in God through Yeshua even when your eyes are closed! Your trust is in Him so much that you know He will bring you in to the Messianic Kingdom that He promised. You must first take Him into your life and you must do it before the Messianic Kingdom comes! When you open your eyes, the first thing that you will see is Yeshua in all of His glory!

After the woman covered her eyes, said the blessing, she then says "Amen." This is a powerful word when you realize that the Sabbath begins when the bride says "Amen!" The Sabbath is a picture of the Messianic Kingdom and only when the bride is fully prepared does she have the right to say. "Amen" and it will begin. How does she know "when"? That is what she must learn through the rehearsal of the festivals and the Sabbath!

Remember the story of the virgins? Some were ready and others weren't? The ones that were not ready were left...They tried but didn't have enough oil and fell asleep. Perhaps that is a warning to be fully prepared. As I rush around all week in the world. I have ample opportunity to plan for my Sabbath each Friday night. I know it is coming, but I get too busy and suddenly it its 3 pm on Friday, the house is a mess and I am in a rush! How much I enjoy the Sabbaths when I have taken the time to plan the menu, prepare the food ahead of time, clean the house, and set the table. I know when I am rushed that I have not given God the time to speak to me about the coming Sabbath properly. If you listen early each morning when you first awaken. He will direct your day. It's like a "date time" that you look forward to with Yeshua as the Bridegroom coming for dinner.

PARENTAL BLESSING: (The children walk to the parents for this blessing)

Isn't it wonderful to know that blessing your children and family are part of this time? Imagine standing there with Yeshua in the messianic Kingdom. He reaches out His hands and puts them on your children's forehead and sings each of these blessings.

We have included the Traditional Jewish Blessing but if you wish to speak straight from your heart, that is also permissible.

Blessing for a son: May God make you like Ephraim and Manasseh.

Blessing for a daughter: May God make you like Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel and Leah.

And then we join hands and sing or recite:

The Lord bless you and keep you. The Lord make His face to shine on you, and be gracious unto you, and be gracious unto you! The Lord lift up His countenance upon you, and give you peace! The Lord lift up His countenance upon you and give you Shalom! Num. 6:24-26

And we will know that the "peace" that we sing of is now complete because we are with Him! (If you aren't misty eyed by now, read on...)

Why do they use these names to bless their children?

After much research we discovered that Ephraim and Menasseh are thought to represent the forgotten loyal Jews that remained faithful to the Torah, but are often overlooked. God remembers them and holds them dearly in His Book. They are not forgotten to Him. We pray that our sons will be faithful to His Torah. Sara, Leah and Rebecca represent sisterhood, laughter and hospitality, and these qualities are desirable in the girl's life. If you wish to use other names, then it is your decision.

The Bridegroom will turn to His Bride and read Proverbs 31:10- 31. My husband reads it to me each week just as we imagine the Messiah will! If you do not have a husband then children can read it to you. This is a picture of all the things that the Bride does and what Yeshua says about her to everyone He meets! Just as when you were dating your future husband couldn't stop talking about how wonderful His soon to be bride was, so too our Messiah Bridegroom boasts of us.

Blessing of the Husband:

The next part was added about 500 years ago. It is optional but a part that many of us add by choice. It is the blessing of the man or husband. This part seems so natural that we know that God looks favorably upon it. Nothing is so wonderful as reading Psalm 112 to your husband. This Psalm speaks of the Godly man in our life and calls forth the Messiah. I think once you read it you will see what we mean.

Kiddush or Prayer of Sanctification

This is the act of setting apart this day for God. The kiddush does not make the day Holy . Only God can make the day Holy or kadosh. But the kiddush (blessing over the wine) only acknowledges that God has already set the day apart, and we bless Him who makes the Sabbath Holy. He also set the Bride apart and calls her Holy or kadosh.

(All stand with a cup of wine or grape juice lifted up in the right hand.)

HOST WILL READ: In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. And the earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep; and the Spirit of (Messiah) God hovered over the surface of the waters. Genesis 1:1-2.

The right arm is a picture of the Messiah (Isa 53:1 ). The wine is a picture of blood, joy and marriage. By the blood of Yeshua the Messiah are we made Kadosh (holy set apart unto God).

HOST READS: And it was evening and it was morning, the sixth day. Thus the heavens and the earth were completed in all their host. And on the seventh day God completed His work which He had made. and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had made. And God blessed the seventh day and sanctified (set it apart) it, which God had created and made. (T.J.P.) Genesis 1:31; 2:1-3.


[Host says or sings the words in parenthesis. Everyone will then read together the rest of the blessing. The first three words that are said by the host is an invitation for everyone at the table to join in the kiddush (blessing over the sacrifice represented by the wine).]

HOST: (If it pleases my masters) Blessed are You, O Lord our God, King of the universe, who creates the fruit of the vine. (T.J.P.)

HOST: (reads or sings this prayer aloud) Blessed and praised are you, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, who has sanctified us by Your commandments and has taken pleasure in us and in Your love and favor have You given us Your Holy Sabbath as an inheritance, as a memorial of creation, it being also the first of the Holy Convocations in remembrance of the Exodus from Mitzra'yim (Egypt). For You have chosen and sanctified us above all nations, and in Your love and favor You have given us the Holy Sabbath as an inheritance. Blessed are You, O Lord, who sanctifies the Sabbath. (T.J.P.)

(DRINK THE GLASS OF WINE at this point and be reseated. Set the glass down on the table.)

KIDDUSH LESSON: When I lift up the pure crystal wine glass I am reminded of Genesis 1:2 which reads differently in the ancient Hebrew writing of Yochanan ben Uzziel (John son of Uzziel). This is a writing by one of Yeshua's contemporaries., It was said to represent the Spirit of the Messiah instead of God hovering over the earth. Think of Yeshua being present and hovering over the surface of the water--in all his purity. Waiting for God to create the earth, man and woman and knowing what Sabbath joy we would share.

So when I pick up the wine glass, and pray this payer I see the perfection of Yeshua in the waters (mikvah) of the earth. A time and place when we were called to commune together!

Yeshua asked, "Can you drink the cup I am going to drink?" (Matt. 20:22) Yeshua was probing John and James to see if they were willing to share the common destiny, or what lay ahead. At each Sabbath we, too, are offered the wine of His covenant.

Another lesson from the Jewish wedding is the two glasses of wine. These two cups signify a sharing of a common destiny. "The first cup is called the 'cup of joy.' It reminds the couple that when joys in life are shared, they are doubled. The second cup is the 'cup of sacrifice.' In the midst of their celebration, the bride and groom are sobered by recognizing that burdens and problems will someday come into their marriage. But if these troubles are shared, they are halved." OUR FATHER ABRAHAM page 212 by Marvin Wilson.

But on the Sabbath we are to step out of the worldly problems and into only the joy and love that the Messiah brings.

Why do we cover the bread (Hebrew challah) with a towel? At this point we must see Yeshua's blood sacrifice in the wine. Because in God's eyes the sacrifice that the bread represents (Yeshua's body) is seen as no less than the blood sacrifice of the Messiah Yeshua. We simply lay a cloth over the bread so all can focus on the blood. God is teaching that we are to cover the bread as a sign that we are concerned for everything and everyone's feelings. By covering the bread, we show respect for inanimate objects, too. How much more must we be concerned for the feelings of the people around us?

Why do you use raised bread instead of unleavened bread? We use raised bread for Sabbath because it teaches us a different lesson than the bread used at Passover. This bread is full and sweet. It represents the fullness and sweetness of the union with our Messiah when we become His bride!


We've all been told to wash our hands before we eat. But did you know that eating is seen as a religious service in itself? The blessing actually means "The lifting of hands." Remember that the guests should wash their hands separately before coming to the table in addition to this ceremonial washing. It makes sense that you wouldn't want to dress up in your finest without washing your hands, but a friendly reminder to the children before you eat, reemphasizes to them that this part is for ceremonial cleansing and not for a full scrub down.

Customarily the father and mother wash the hands of the guests. In our group, we have taught the children that IF they are invited to help with the washing, that they must be very careful to follow our directions. You may take this opportunity to involve others in the service by allowing them to help wash hands. Perhaps you wish to look through your cabinets for a basin and pitcher. You can pick up hand towels at any store, and if you do cross stitch you may want to make your own. Many of us have towels for our festivals, and ones for Sabbath, but it is not required to be decorated. We often give hand towels, candlesticks, pitchers and basins as gifts now to each other.

The water is known as "Living Water" or Maim Chayim. This is also the title of a dance that is performed at the Festival of Sukkot or Tabernacles (John 7:37-8:59). Living Water must be flowing water poured from a pitcher three times over each hand. While the water is being poured over the hands, Psalms 134:2 should be said quietly.

Lift up your hands in the Holy Place and bless the Lord. Psalms 134:2 (T.J.P.)

The washing of the hands and the blessing for the bread are considered one act, so please remain quiet once you start this part of the service until after the bread is blessed.

(After washing their hands everyone will lift their hands in the air and say the following blessing together responsively...)

ALL RECITE OR SING: Blessed and praised are You, O Lord our God, King of the universe, who has sanctified us in Your commandments and commanded us to wash our hands. (T.J.P.)

(In our group we often recite this Messianic prayer, too.)

I dedicate my hands to Yeshua, the Messiah, the Hope of glory, to serve Him only in the coming week.

The act of lifting up holy hands shows the priest in the Temple washing their hands and feet in the laver before they could do service in the Temple. The priest would wash his hands and turn and lift his hands towards heaven to show that he had clean hands. Clean hands are symbolic of a pure heart (Psalm 24:4). Yeshua is the Living Water. When we wash our hearts in the Messiah then we are made clean before God.


(Now the host uncovers the bread and place one loaf on top of the other and hold them up towards heaven, the right hand under the bottom loaf.)

What does this teach us? Again, the right hand is seen as the hand of the Messiah and His power. His sacrifice was seen as all powerful because it gives us a taste of our redemption in His Body! The only requirement is that the challah must be whole, not sliced, before blessing.

ALL SING OR RECITE TOGETHER: Blessed and praised are You, O Lord our God, King of the universe who brings forth bread from the earth. (T.J.P.)

Yeshua said, "I am the bread of Life." He was put in the earth and God brought Him forth. It is said that when we see the bread we are to understand that God could have made bread ready for us to pick off of trees, but when we choose to make the bread of the Sabbath, then He has allowed us to become part of creation. The key words are "choose to make." How true it is that when we make the choice to "make Sabbath," that we are that much closer in our understanding of Yeshua and of creation.

After saying the blessing, the host will take both loaves of bread and salt them thoroughly. After salting the bread he will tear a piece off, from that piece he will tear off a piece for himself and passes this piece around the table where the guests will tear off a piece, from his. After everyone has a small piece they will eat the bread together. Again--mutual destiny.

What does this teach us? We will all taste of our redemption together in its fullness in the Messianic Kingdom to come!

Why is the bread braided? The challah bread is a remembrance of the manna God provided for the Israelites during their 40 years of wandering in the desert. You were to braid the bread to be symbolic of each person's multifaceted personality; and possibly of the coming together of the Bride of Messiah into one body.

Why do you salt the bread? Since the destruction of the Temple, the bread that is on the table has taken the place of the sacrifices that were offered in the Temple. God commanded that all sacrifices be offered with salt. (Lev. 2:13). We are the salt in Matt 5:13 that says, "You are the salt of the earth; but if the salt has become tasteless, how will it be made salty again? It is good for nothing anymore, except to be thrown out and trampled under foot by men." (NAS.) We also see the Messiah Yeshua in the salt of the Red Sea when they receive their salvation (Yeshua) from Pharaoh! It is also a reminder of the tears that were shed when he died on the cross.



If it is possible to talk about a best-loved Shabbat symbol, it would have to be the hallah (challah). People rip into it with joy. They excavate caves in it, removing the soft center and leaving the crust. Others take great delight in slicing it into neat, even slices. Hallah is a hands-on experience. This simple egg bread--braided, round or square, homemade or standing bakery order, with its raisins or sesame seeds--is the catalyst that breaks the formality of the Sabbath Seder service and lets the meal began! THE ART OF JEWISH LIVING: THE SHABBAT SEDER by Dr. Ron Wolfson pp. 168-169

General guidelines about the meal: Every care should be taken to ensure that the meal is kosher. Pork is never appropriate for a Sabbath. Remember, a sign that the evil kings demanded was the sacrificing of a pig. When a Jewish person sees a pig, they see a picture of the Abomination of Desolation. Also look at Isaiah 65:4 and Isaiah 66:17. These chapters tell us of His second coming when His foot will step down on the Mt. of Olives, and the charges that He will bring against those who rebelled against Him.

The traditional meal for Sabbath is chicken, but in no way is this a limit to what you may have. It is, however, to be the very best meal of the week. If while shopping you find something that would make a very good meal, buy it and put it away for the Sabbath. If sometime later during the week you find something that would be better and would like to buy it, then do so, and put it away for the Sabbath and eat the first item that was put away. In doing this you are showing God that the average days are not as important to you as the Sabbath. There are some excellent recipe cookbooks available from the resource list that we have provided.

PLEASE NOTE that the Sabbath is a 24 hour day, and you would plan for three meals to be ready. For purposes of this lesson we will not burden you with the preparation and planning of the three meals. Often times this is something that you must grow into as you do the Sabbath. Remember that we have simplified this book for beginners.

So far so good! The table talk should center on the things of God. This is a hard lesson for many people to learn. We play a game called "Excuse me. That is not Sabbath talk." If someone starts talking about things of the world or criticizing or worrying, we simply remind them with these words. Usually it results in laughter and a gentle nudge keeps things moving the way that God intended. How wonderful to spend twenty-fours hours not in the world, but delighting in Him!

Yes, this is the time for the table songs. These songs are designed to make the Sabbath more joyful and of course, to teach. For your enjoyment you may want to turn on some soft music during the meal or pull out your list of songs that you have made ahead of time. (Did your mother ever repremand you when you were little for singing at the table? I found this so exciting when I was in Israel. The restaurant is FULL of singing, happy, rejoicing people on the sabbath. How much so should the home be?)

After you have eaten then you would sing or recite Psalm 126 as a group or choose someone to read it.


We have included a lesson on grace after the meal on the following page. There is a longer Grace after Meals that we are not including for this beginner's lesson that you may want to examine later. This can also be sung.

ALL RECITE OR SING TOGETHER: Blessed and praised are You, O Lord our God, King of the universe who feeds the entire world with Your goodness, with grace, loving kindness and mercy; You give food to all flesh, for Your loving kindness endures forever. Through Your great goodness we have never lacked food: O may we never lack it forever and ever for Your great Name's sake, since You nourish and sustain all beings, and do good to all, and provide food for all Your creatures which You have created. Blessed and praise are You, O Lord, who gives food to all.

We thank You, O Lord our God, because You did give as a heritage to our fathers a desirable, good and spacious land, the covenant and the Torah, and food in plenty. Blessed and praised are You, O Lord, for the land and for the food.

Have compassion, O Lord our God, upon Israel Your people, and upon the Kingdom of the house of David, and doubly comfort us. Blessed are you, O Lord, who in Your compassion rebuilds Yerushalayim. Amen.

Blessed and praised are You, O Lord our God, our God, our Father, our King, who is kind and deals kindly with all; You have dealt kindly, are dealing kindly, and will deal kindly with us.

Let us inherit the day that will be wholly Shabbat; and O, make us worthy of the days of the Mashiach, and the life in the Olam Haba. He who makes peace in His high places, may He make peace for us and for all Israel, and say, Amen. (T.J.P.) *Olam Haba" (Long "O" ha ba) means "The world to come." "Mashiach" (Ma-she-ach) means "Messiah." He was Yeshua haMashiach or Jesus Christ. Amen.

Lesson: "Unlike the practice of most Western Christians today, in Bible times the Hebrew people did not see the need to bless food, drink, or other material things. In prayer they focused only on blessing God, the Creator and Giver. The Gospels indicate that Jesus followed this same custom (Matt. 26:26 and Luke 24:30), one commanded in the Torah: "When you have eaten and are satisfied, praise the Lord your God for the good land he has given you" (Deut. 8:1)...Yechiel Eckstein comments: "the berakhah (prayer) does not transfer holiness to the object itself, but rather entitles us to partake of the world's pleasure...We give thanks to the Lord and testify thereby that the earth is His and we are but its caretakers."...The ancient Hebrew would never have thought of blessing what they ate. The idea would have been totally foreign to them; it would also have been an insult, of sorts, to God. If everything God created was "very good" (Gen 1:31), why should one imply that it is really unholy and profane? The postbiblical notion that one needed to sanctify, cleanse, or purify what God had already created and declared to be good would be strange theology to the biblical writers. It suggests that food and drink, in of themselves, are unacceptable gifts until suddenly made holy through prayer...OUR FATHER ABRAHAM by Dr. Marvin Wilson page 177. (You will want this book for your library!)

The following is a teaching on Saturday Sabbath which is your Saturday portion of Hanukkah. We pulled out this section and published it under a separate book. With the Friday Sabbath Service. (It was so popular with our local people that they wore out their Hanukkah books.) You may order this sabbath and Havdalah service under the cover of Sabbath: The Light is Messiah from HaY'Did.